Del Mar Photonics

2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br>  

Coherent Optical Technologies and Applications (COTA)
Abstracts
?Sunday, July 13 ?br> Atrium Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
?Monday, July 14 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:00 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
JMA ?Joint Plenary Session I
Salon E
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
JMA ?Joint Plenary Session I
8:00 a.m.
Opening Remarks, Conference Chairs (COTA, Slow Light, and
ICQI).
8:15 a.m.
ICQI Plenary
Photonic Entanglement in Quantum Communication and
Quantum Computation, Anton Zeilinger; Univ. Wien, Austria.
9:00 a.m.
Opening Remarks, Conference Chair (IPNRA).
9:05 a.m.
IPNRA Plenary
The Intimate Merger of Photonics and Computing, Ashok V.
Krishnamoorthy, SUN Microsystems, USA.
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
CMA ?Components I
Salons C/D
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
CMA ?Components I
Steve Pappert; DARPA/MTO, USA, Presider
CMA1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Chip Scale Frequency Combs and Their Stabilization,
Pascale DelʹHaye, Olivier Arcizet, Albert Schliesser, Tobias
Wilken, Ronald Holzwarth, Tobias J. Kippenberg; Max Planck Inst.
of Quantum Optics, Germany. It is shown that the optical
sidebands generated via optical parametric oscillations in an
on chip microcavity are equidistant thus overcoming the
intrinsic cavity dispersion. This leads to the generation of
optical frequency combs at input powers < 10 mW with
repetition rate in the 80 GHz range.
CMA2 ?11:00 a.m. Invited
High Power, Low Noise 1.5 μm Optical Sources Based on
Slab Couple Optical Waveguide Amplifiers (SCOWAs),
Paul Juodawlkis; MIT Lincoln Lab, USA. We describe the
performance of single frequency external cavity lasers (P >
330mW; Δν < 100kHz) and mode locked lasers (P > 100mW;
jitter = 0.38fs, 1Hz to 1MHz) based on a novel high power,
low loss semiconductor quantum well gain medium.
CMA3 ?11:30 a.m.
Phase Coherence of Ti:Sapphire Optical Frequency Combs
across Hundreds of Nanometers, Qudsia Quraishi, Scott
Diddams, Leo Hollberg; NIST, USA. We demonstrate the
scaling of the relative phase noise across hundreds of
nanometers of spectra from stabilized Ti:Sapphire frequency
combs. We show good agreement between the predicted and
measured phase noise.
CMA4 ?11:45 a.m.
Sub 10 fs Residual Timing Jitter on a 10 GHz Optical
Frequency Comb Generator, Shijun Xiao, Leo Hollberg,
Nathan Newbury, Scott Diddams; NIST, USA. With a narrow
linewidth seed laser, residual timing jitter on a 10 GHz
optical frequency comb generator is reduced to 6 fs. We
present analysis connecting spectral phase and laser
linewidth to the timing jitter.
CMA5 ?12:00 p.m.
Dual Frequency Laser at 1.5 μm for the Generation of
High Purity Microwave Signals, Gregoire Pillet1, Loic
Morvan1, Marc Brunel2, Fabien Bretenaker3, Daniel Dolfi1, Marc
Vallet2, Jean Pierre Huignard1, Albert Le Floch2; 1Thales Res. and
Technology, France, 2Inst. de Physique de Rennes, France, 3Lab
Aim?Cotton, Univ. Paris Sud, France. We describe the
stabilization of a dual frequency laser on an external
reference and on fiber delay lines. Low phase noise ( 107
dBrad?Hz at 10 kHz) beatnotes tunable from 2 to 6 GHz are
demonstrated.
CMA6 ?12:15 p.m.
20 GHz Ultrashort Dual Wavelength Actively Mode
Locked Erbium Doped Fiber Ring Laser, Zhe Chen, Hongzhi
Sun, Shaozhen Ma, Niloy K. Dutta; Univ. of Connecticut, USA.
We demonstrate a stable dual wavelength actively mode?br> 2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
locked erbium doped fiber laser operating at 20GHz. We use
a highly nonlinear fiber in the optical cavity. Simultaneous
dual wavelength pulse trains with pulse widths ~1ps are
achieved.
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
CMB ?Waveform Synthesis
Salons C/D
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
CMB ?Waveform Synthesis
Daniel Dolfi; Thales Res. and Technology, France, Presider
CMB1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
Optical Waveform Generation for Coherent High
Resolution Imaging, Kevin W. Holman, David G. Kocher,
Sumanth Kaushik; MIT Lincoln Lab, USA. We have developed
a time multiplexed technique for controlling the amplitude
and phase of the individual frequency components of a
mode locked laser to generate a precisely linear chirped
waveform. We have demonstrated a 20 GHz, 1 us chirp.
CMB2 ?2:30 p.m. Invited
Pulse Shaping and Control of Optical and RF Phase,
Andrew Weiner; Purdue Univ., USA. Applications of pulse
shaping for control of optical and RF phase, including PMD
equalization, manipulation of optical frequency combs,
generation of arbitrary ultrawideband RF waveforms, and
RF dispersion compensation, are discussed.
CMB3 ?3:00 p.m. Invited
High Resolution Optical Waveform Analysis, Peter
Andrekson; Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Sweden. Techniques
to analyze optical waveforms with high resolution are
discussed. Emphasis is on all optical sampling that offers
picosecond resolution with excellent sensitivity as well as
optical phase sensitive and real time (Nyquist limited)
waveform capture capability.
CMB4 ?3:30 p.m.
Low Insertion Loss, In Fiber, Dynamic Arbitrary
Waveform Generation, Yu Yeung (Kenny) Ho, Li Qian; Univ.
of Toronto, Canada. We present a low loss, high repetitionrate,
dynamic waveform generation technique by
independent phase and amplitude control of spectral lines in
a continuous fiber. Several distinct waveforms are
experimentally demonstrated by manipulating 5 lines.
CMB5 ?3:45 p.m.
Multi Channel Running Code OCDMA, Shawn X. Wang1,
Gregory S. Kanter2, Prem Kumar1; 1Northwestern Univ., USA,
2NuCrypt LLC, USA. We report on an experimental
investigation of a multi channel running code OCDMA
system. The system utilizes double pass acousto opticmodulator
pulse shapers to perform microsecond scale
spectral phase encoding/decoding.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
CMC ?Components II
Salons C/D
4:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
CMC ?Components II
Juerg Leuthold; Univ. of Karlsruhe, Germany, Presider
CMC1 ?4:30 p.m. Invited
Electro Optic Modulators and Modulation for Enhanced
LIGO and Beyond, Volker Quetschke; Univ. of Florida, USA.
The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory
(LIGO) is currently undergoing an upgrade to improve its
sensitivity. The laser power will increase to 30W, leading to
stronger requirements on the modulators for avoiding losses
and thermal lensing.
CMC2 ?5:00 p.m.
Integrated Optical Modulator for a Spectral Coding of
Optical Signals, Alexander Shamray, Alexander Kozlov, Igor
Ilichev, Mikhail Petrov; Ioffe Physico Technical Inst., Russian
Federation. A novel integrated optical modulator based on the
controllable Bragg grating was developed and fabricated.
Modulator provides addition flexibility and possibility of
using frequency modulation formats (FSK) in combination
with spectral OCDMA encoding.
CMC3 ?5:15 p.m.
All Optical Correlator for High Speed OOK and DPSK
Signals, David F. Geraghty, Reza Salem, Mark A. Foster, Alex L.
Gaeta; Cornell Univ., USA. We describe a novel high speed
temporal correlator based on linear optical components. We
demonstrate operation with 100 Gb/s OOK packets, and our
modeling indicates that this system can also function with
DPSK signals.
CMC4 ?5:30 p.m.
Frequency Resolved Optical Gating on a Silicon Photonic
Chip, Mark A. Foster, Reza Salem, David F. Geraghty, Amy C.
Turner, Michal Lipson, Alexander L. Gaeta; Cornell Univ., USA.
We implement frequency resolved optical gating using fourwave
mixing in CMOS compatible silicon nanowaveguides
and demonstrate sensitive characterization in the C band for
a 10 GHz train of 3.7 ps pulses.
CMC5 ?5:45 p.m.
Novel Phase Spectrum Measurement Method Based on
Stimulated Brillouin Scattering, Asier Villafranca1, Javier
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Lasobras1, Francisco Lopez2, Rafael Alonso1, Ignacio Garces1;
1Univ. of Zaragoza, Spain, 2Aragon Photonics SLU, Spain. A
novel method to measure the phase spectrum of modulated
optical signals based on stimulated Brillouin scattering is
presented. Combined with power spectrum measurements,
and through inverse Fourier transform, the time domain
information is recovered.
CMC6 ?6:00 p.m.
χ(2) Evolution in Fiber during Prolonged Thermal Poling,
Jiawen Zhang, Li Qian; Univ. of Toronto, Canada. We report a
two stage rise in the evolution of χ(2) in a twin hole fiber
during thermal poling, suggesting a fast Na+ migration and a
slow H+ injection, in accordance with our charge dynamics
model.
CMC7 ?6:15 p.m.
80Gb/s XNOR Using a Four Wave Mixing Scheme in
Highly Nonlinear Fibers, Shaozhen Ma, Hongzhi Sun, Zhe
Chen, Niloy K. Dutta; Univ. of Connecticut, USA. 80 Gb/s Alloptical
XNOR has been demonstrated using four wave
mixing scheme in highly nonlinear fibers. The nonlinear
Schrodinger equations (NLS) describing the process in fibers
has been simulate and solved using split step Fourier
method.
JMB ?Joint Poster Session
Salon F
6:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
JMB ?Joint Poster Session
JMB1
The Photoanisotropy and Photogirotropy in Compositions
of Organic Dyes, Valentina Shaverdova1, Svetlana Petrova1,
Nino Obolashvili2; 1Inst. of Cybernetics, Georgia, 2Georgian
Technical Univ., Georgia. Several compositions of organic
dyes, embedded in polymer matrix were created.
Experimental results of investigation photoanisotropy and
photogyrotropy in these compositions are presented. It was
shown that they are polarize sensitive in a wide spectral
range.
JMB2
Polarization Holographic Amplifier Corrector of Optical
Signals, Vladimir Tarasashvili1, Anna Purtseladze1, Irakli
Chaganava2; 1Inst. of Cybernetis, Georgia, 2Georgian Technical
Univ., Georgia. The possibility of applying the photoinduced
anisotropy in dynamic polarization sensitive media for the
correction and amplifications of the laser radiation with a
complex distribution of the polarization state over the
wavefront is tested experimentally.
JMB3
Fundamentals of Spatial Coherence Modulation, Rafael A.
Betancur, Roman E. Castaneda; Univ. Nacional de Colombia,
Colombia. Fundamentals of phase and amplitude modulation
of the coherence properties of an optical field have been
stated from the standpoint of the second order theory. This
methodology can be employed for designing arbitrary power
distributions.
JMB4
A Full Duplex Radio over Fiber Transport System, Wen I
Lin, Ming Huei Shyu, Chia Hsien Lee, Ardhendu Sekhar Patra,
Hai Han Lu; Natl. Taipei Univ. of Technology, Taiwan. A fullduplex
radio over fiber transport system based on two
modes injection locked Fabry Perot laser diode is proposed
and demonstrated. Good performance of BER was obtained
over 40 km SMF transmission in our proposed systems.
JMB5
Radio on Hybrid WDM Transport Systems, Wen I Lin,
Ming Huei Shyu, Chia Hsien Lee, Ardhendu Sekhar Patra, Hai
Han Lu; Natl. Taipei Univ. of Technology, Taiwan. A radio onhybrid
wavelength division multiplexing transport system
employing mutually injection locked Fabry Perot laser
diodes is proposed and demonstrated. System performances
evaluated by CNR, CSO, CTB, and BER for simultaneous
transmission of CATV/LAN/ITS are improved.
JMB6
Optical Path Difference Determination by Means of
Coherence Degree Measurement, Maximino L. Arroyo
Carrasco, Diana Rodr韌uez M閚dez, Marcela M. M閚dez Otero,
Israel Severiano Carrillo; BUAP, Mexico. We measure the
optical path difference of two interfering beams by means of
the coherence degree determination with Photo Electro
Motive Force based detectors. This technique makes possible
profile, thickness and index of refraction measurements.
JMB7
Withdrawn
JMB8
Digital Post Equalization of Intrachannel Nonlinearities in
Coherent DQPSK Transmission Systems, Yan Gao, Fan
Zhang, Liang Dou, Zhangyuan Chen, Anshi Xu; Peking Univ.,
China. Digital post equalization of intrachannel nonlinearities
in coherent DQPSK systems is numerically studied. The
simulation results show that the simplified channel inversion
method is efficient in simultaneous compensation of
intrachannel nonlinearities and chromatic dispersion.
JMB9
Improved Receiver Sensitivity by Using an Injection
Locked Laser and Double Pass EDFA Scheme, Ricardo A. P.
Gomes, Reginaldo Silva, Aldario C. Bordonalli; State Univ. of
Campinas   UNICAMP, Brazil. This work investigates a
coherent receiver that uses a single facet optical injection?br> 2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
locked semiconductor laser embedded into a doubled pass
EDFA. Consequently, receiver sensitivity as low as  65 dBm
is possible with this low noise combined scheme.
JMB10 JMB33 can be found in the Slow Light abstracts.
JMB34 JMB41, JMB81 can be found in the IPNRA abstracts.
JMB42 JMB80 can be found in the ICQI abstracts.
NOTES
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
?Tuesday, July 15 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:30 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
JTuA ?Joint Plenary Session II
Salon E
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
JTuA ?Joint Plenary Session II
8:00 a.m.
Slow Light Plenary
Electro Optic Modulation of Photons and Biphotons,
Stephen E. Harris; Stanford Univ., USA.
8:40 a.m.
ICQI Plenary
Entanglement, Information Processing and Decoherence in
Trapped Atomic Ions, David J. Wineland; NIST, USA.
9:20 a.m.
COTA Plenary
Coherence Cloning and Phase Controlled Apertures Using
Optical Phase Lock Loops, Amnon Yariv; Caltech, USA.
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
CTuA ?Imaging I
Salons C/D
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
CTuA ?Imaging I
Frank Hanson; SPAWAR Systems Ctr. San Diego, USA, Presider
CTuA1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Long Range ID Using Sub Aperture Array Based Imaging,
Paul McManamon; Exciting Technology LLC, USA. The Air
Force needs decision quality long range ID, but radar does
not provide this capability. Laser radar provides high quality
ID, but conformal aperture approaches are needed for next
generation Air Force aircraft.
CTuA2 ?11:00 a.m.
Laser Radar and Quantum States of Light, Mark A. Rubin,
Sumanth Kaushik; MIT Lincoln Lab, USA. We examine
proposals to employ squeezed states and NOON states,
novel quantum states of light, in laser radar. We find that the
use of these states does not yield enhanced performance.
CTuA3 ?11:15 a.m. Invited
Laser and Lidar Technology Development for Highly
Accurate Vertical Profiles of Vector Wind Velocity from
Earth Orbit, Michael J. Kavaya; NASA Langley Res. Ctr., USA.
We report progress, challenges, plans and our wish list for
enabling a coherent detection, 2 micron, pulsed, Doppler
lidar system to measure winds from space.
CTuA4 ?11:45 a.m. Invited
Digital Holography of Total Internal Reflection, M. K. Kim,
W. M. Ash; Univ. of South Florida, USA. Phase front of light in
TIR is modulated by presence of object on the surface. Digital
holography reconstructs the modulated phase front, to image
the interface between the TIR surface and biological cells on
it.
CTuA5 ?12:15 p.m.
Mueller Matrix Microscopy, Mircea Mujat, Nick Iftimia, Dan
R. Ferguson, Dan X. Hammer; Physical Sciences Inc., USA. We
describe here a new imaging technique, Mueller matrix
microscopy, for investigating the anisotropic properties of
the refractive index in biological samples. The system抯
capabilities are demonstrated first on mica.
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
CTuB ?Imaging II
Salons C/D
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
CTuB ?Imaging II
Zhongping Chen; Univ. of California at Irvine, USA, Presider
CTuB1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
Guiding Laser Thermal Therapy with Optical Frequency
Domain Imaging, Ben Vakoc; Massachusetts General Hospital,
Harvard Univ., USA. Laser thermal therapy seeks to coagulate
limited volumes of diseased tissue while leaving neighboring
healthy tissue unharmed. The role of coherent imaging
technologies in guiding and monitoring this coagulation
process is described.

CTuB2 ?2:30 p.m. Invited
CARS Microscopy, Sunney Xie; Harvard Univ., USA.
Coherent Anti Stokes Raman Scattering microscopy is a
label free imaging technique using molecular vibration as a
contrast mechanism. Recent advances have enabled orders of
magnitude improvement in sensitivity, enabling a wide
range of applications. related products

CTuB3 ?3:00 p.m. Invited
In vivo Three Dimensional Optical Coherence
Tomography Using Fourier Domain Mode Locked Laser,
Yu Chen; Univ. of Maryland, USA. We have developed an
endoscopic OCT system based on an FDML laser. In vivo
three dimensional imaging at 100 kHz with 9 ?7 μm
(transverse by axial) resolution is demonstrated in the rabbit
gastrointestinal tract.


CTuB4 ?3:30 a.m. Invited
Applications of Highly Coherent Femtosecond Fiber
Lasers, Nathan R. Newbury; NIST, USA. Coherent, broadband
fiber lasers produce pulse trains with <1 femtosecond relative
timing uncertainty and <1 mHz relative frequency
uncertainty. These sources can advance many applications
including optical frequency metrology, ranging LIDAR, and
broadband molecular spectroscopy.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
CTuC ?Analog Photonics
Salons C/D
4:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
CTuC ?Analog Photonics
Y. K. Chen; Bell Labs, Alcatel Lucent, USA, Presider
CTuC1 ?4:30 p.m. Invited
A High Dynamic Range Coherent Optical RF Digital
Receiver, Thomas Clark, Michael Dennis; Applied Physics Lab,
Johns Hopkins Univ., USA. Coherent optical techniques?br> capitalizing on linear electro optic phase encoding,
quadrature detection and DSP梐re applied to analog signal
transport with unprecedented linearity. Applications, results,
and directions for future work will be discussed.
CTuC2 ?5:00 p.m.
Time Sampled Linear Optical Phase Demodulation, Leif A.
Johansson, Colin Sheldon, Anand Ramaswamy, Mark Rodwell;
Univ. of California at Santa Barbara, USA. Time sampled
optical phase demodulation is proposed, based on
heterodyne detection of a phase modulated signal, digital
frequency division and measurement of the timing of zerocrossings
using an XOR gate. 30dB improvement in
intermodulation terms is measured.
CTuC3 ?5:15 p.m.
Optical Phase Demodulation of a 10GHz RF Signal Using
Optical Sampling, Anand Ramaswamy, Leif A. Johansson,
Jonathan Klamkin, Darko Zibar, Larry A. Coldren, Mark J.
Rodwell, John E. Bowers; Univ. of California at Santa Barbara,
USA. For the first time we demonstrate sampling
downconversion of a 10GHz phase modulated optical signal
using an integrated coherent receiver with feedback. At a
downconverted frequency of 100 MHz we measure 19dB
improvement in SIR.
CTuC4 ?5:30 p.m.
En Decoding in the Optical Phase Domain in the Design of
ADCʹs, RF Amplifiers/Filters and Antenna Links, Geert J.
Wyntjes, John J. Atkinson, David Rall; Visidyne, Inc., USA.
Discuss the advantages of linear angle, phase encoding
between pairs of optical carriers, beams, and its recovery
through interferometry in the same domain for, in the design
of RF amplifiers/filters, analog to digital converters, and
antenna links.
CTuC5 ?5:45 p.m.
Improvement of CSO/CTB Performance Based on Fabry
Perot Etalon, Wen I Lin, Ming Huei Shyu, Chia Hsien Lee,
Ardhendu Sekhar Patra, Hai Han Lu; Natl. Taipei Univ. of
Technology, Taiwan. We proposed and demonstrated an
externally modulated NTSC 77 channel EDFA repeated
system employing Fabry Perot etalon at the receiving site to
improve system performance. Good performance of CNR,
CSO, and CTB were achieved over 100 km SMF
transmission.
CTuC6 ?6:00 p.m.
CATV/ROF Transport Systems Based on  1 Side Mode
Injection Locked and Optoelectronic Feedback Techniques,
Wen I Lin, Ming Huei Shyu, Chia Hsien Lee, Ardhendu Sekhar
Patra, Hai Han Lu; Natl. Taipei Univ. of Technology, Taiwan. A
CATV/ROF transport system with side mode injectionlocked
and optoelectronic feedback techniques is proposed
and demonstrated. Good performances of CNR, CSO, and
CTB were obtained for CATV band; BER values were
achieved for ITS application.
CTuC7 ?6:15 p.m.
Coherent Optical Transponder at Femto Watt Light Levels,
John Dick1, Meirong Tu1, Kevin M. Birnbaum1, Dmitry V.
Strekalov1, Nan Yu1, Ertan Salik2; 1JPL, USA, 2California State
Polytechnic Univ., USA. We investigated two schemes for
coherent optical transponder at extremely low light levels.
Optical phase locking at femtowatt levels has been
demonstrated and characterized. We also discuss an
alternative 搃njection seeded?approach, and ranging
experiments.
Salon F
6:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Conference Reception
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
?Wednesday, July 16 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:30 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
CWA ?Coherent Communications I
Salons C/D
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
CWA ?Coherent Communications I
Hamid Hemmati; JPL, USA, Presider
CWA1 ?8:00 a.m. Invited
Coherent Communication in Optical Free Space and Fiber
Networks, Vincent Chan; MIT, USA. This paper addresses
coherent optical detection in the context of free space optical
networks in the presence of atmospheric turbulence and
multi user interference. We discuss how many of these
techniques can be applied to fiber networks.
CWA2 ?8:30 a.m. Invited
Multi Carrier or Single Carrier Transmission: An Optical
Debate, William Shieh, Xingwen Yi; Dept. of Electrical and
Electronic Engineering, Univ. of Melbourne, Australia. Coherent
optical OFDM has promise for being an attractive
modulation format for future 100 Gb/s transmission systems.
In this presentation, we revisit the long standing debate on
the superiority between OFDM and single carrier frequencydomain
equalization.
CWA3 ?9:00 a.m. Invited
Performance of Synchronous or Nonsynchronous Receivers
Using Atmospheric Compensation Techniques, Aniceto
Belmonte1,2, Joseph M. Kahn2; 1Dept. of Signal Theory and
Communications, Technical Univ. of Catalonia, Spain, 2Stanford
Univ., USA. We present recent studies on the impact of phase
and amplitude fluctuations on free space links using either
synchronous or nonsynchronous detection. We compare
options for atmospheric compensation, including conjugate
and non conjugate adaptive optics.
CWA4 ?9:30 a.m.
The FWM Impairment in Coherent OFDM Compounds on
a Phased Array Basis over Dispersive Multi Span Links,
Moshe Nazarathy1, Jacob Khurgin2, Rakefet Weidenfeld1, Yehuda
Meiman3, Pak Cho3, Reinhold Noe4, Isaac Shpantzer3; 1Technion,
Israel, 2Johns Hopkins Univ., USA, 3Celight Inc., USA, 4Univ.
Paderborn, EIM E, Germany. We develop a novel all analytic
model of FWM generation over dispersive coherent OFDM
long haul links, leading to a new multispan phased array
effect. The nonlinear FWM impairment may be mitigated by
destructive interference of intermodulation products.
CWA5 ?9:45 a.m.
Withdrawn
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
CWB ?Coherent Communications II
Salons C/D
10:30 a.m.?2:45 p.m.
CWB ?Coherent Communications II
Kazuro Kikuchi; Dept. of Frontier Informatics, Univ. of Tokyo,
Japan, Presider
CWB1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Digital Compensation of Linear and Nonlinear
Impairments in Coherent Optical Receivers, Ezra Ip, Alan P.
T. Lau, Daniel J. F. Barros, Joseph M. Kahn; Stanford Univ., USA.
We study digital backpropagation for compensating linear
and nonlinear impairments in single mode fiber. We reduce
computational complexity by increasing the spatial step size.
We evaluate the effects of sampling rate and dispersion map
on performance.
CWB2 ?11:00 a.m. Invited
Digital Self Coherent Detection and Mitigation of
Transmission Impairments, Xiang Liu; Bell Labs, Alcatel
Lucent, USA. We review the techniques used in digital selfcoherent
detection for improvement of receiver sensitivity,
recovery of multi level phase and amplitude modulated
signals, and mitigation of transmission impairments.
Comparisons with digital coherent detection are also
discussed.
CWB3 ?11:30 a.m.
Experimental Demonstration of Distributed Impairment
Compensation for High Spectral Efficiency Transmission,
Gilad Goldfarb, Michael G. Taylor, Guifang Li; College of Optics
and Photonics, CREOL and FPCE, Univ. of Central Florida, USA.
Distributed impairment compensation for dispersion and
nonlinear effects is demonstrated experimentally in the
OWDM (channel spacing equal to symbol rate) environment
and for transmission distances over 1000 km.
CWB4 ?11:45 a.m.
Frequency Estimation and Compensation for Coherent
QPSK Transmission with DFB Lasers, Sebastian Hoffmann1,
Timo Pfau1, Olaf Adamczyk1, Christian W鰎dehoff1, Ralf Peveling1,
Mario Porrmann1, Reinhold No?, Suhas Bhandare2; 1Univ. of
Paderborn, EIM E, Germany, 2Discovery Semiconductors, Inc.,
USA. We present a hardware efficient combined frequency
and phase estimator. It is capable of tracking phase noise of
10 GBaud optical QPSK transmission systems with DFB
lasers and frequency mismatch up to 0.8 GHz.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
CWB5 ?12:00 p.m.
Self Coherent Differential Transmission with Decision
Feedback朠hase Noise Impairments, Yuval Atzmon, Moshe
Nazarathy; Technion, Israel. The BER performance of selfcoherent
receivers is analytically evaluated for the first time,
accounting for (i) linear (ii) non linear (SPM/XPM) (iii) laser
phase noises. Longer decision feedback memory ameliorates
the impact of (i),(ii) while enhancing (iii).
CWB6 ?12:15 p.m.
Fading Mitigation in Homodyne RZ QPSK via Delay
Diversity Transmission, Pak S. Cho, Yehuda Meiman, Geof
Harston, Yaakov Achiam, Isaac Shpantzer; CeLight, Inc., USA.
Turbulence induced fading in free space transmission of
optical RZ QPSK can be mitigated in homodyne detection
via delay diversity. A SNR gain of 2.6 dB is obtained using
orthogonal polarizations with delay comparable to the
turbulence correlation time.
CWB7 ?12:30 p.m.
Coherent Detection of DQPSK for Tolerance to Coherent
Crosstalk, Anjali Agarwal, Paul Toliver, Tom Banwell, Ronald
Menendez, Janet Jackel, Shahab Etemad; Telcordia Technologies,
USA. Coherent crosstalk is a significant challenge in
OCDM/A systems especially for high spectral efficiency
coherent implementations. We study its impact on DQPSK
with coherent detection. An improvement in performance is
seen over direct detection.
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
CWC ?Coherent Communications III
Salons C/D
2:00 p.m.?:15 p.m.
CWC ?Coherent Communications III
Keang Po Ho; Inst. of Communication Engineering, Taiwan,
Presider
CWC1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
40 Gb/s Coherent WDM Modems, Kim Roberts; Nortel
Networks, Canada. Continuous real time measurements of
coherent 46 Gb/s transmission with Dual Polarization QPSK.
Digital compensation is used for dispersion and polarization
effects, with little performance degradation created by 150 ps
of rapidly varying 1st order PMD.
CWC2 ?2:30 p.m. Invited
Beyond 100 Gb/s Optical Transmission Based on Coded
Modulation and Coherent Detection, Ivan B. Djordjevic;
Univ. of Arizona, USA. We present several two dimensional
and three dimensional coded modulation schemes enabling
optical transmission well beyond 100 Gb/s, using commercial
components operating at 40 Giga symbols/s. The codedmodulation
schemes include: bit interleaved codedmodulation,
multilevel coding, and coded OFDM; all three
based on LDPC codes.
CWC3 ?3:00 p.m. Invited
Digital Coherent Communication Algorithms and
Architectures, Isaac Shpantzer; CeLight Inc., USA. Digital
coherent communications in fiber optic or free space can be
implemented in scalar time domain or vectored frequencydomain.
The key algorithms, architecture, VLSI design
complexity and performance tradeoffs will be highlighted.
CWC4 ?3:30 p.m.
Dual Threshold Receiver for 1550nm Homodyne QPSK
Quantum Key Distribution System, Qing Xu1, Manuel
Sabban1, Philippe Gallion1, Francisco Javier Mendieta2; 1Ecole
Natl. Sup閞ieure des T閘閏ommunications, France, 2CICESE,
Mexico. We present a dual threshold balanced homodyne
receiver for QPSK QKD system in which the strong reference
is time multiplexed with the weak signal pulses in optical
fiber, we also report its experimental BER and post detection
efficiency.
CWC5 ?3:45 p.m.
Coherent Performance Monitoring for Telecom Signals,
Jungmi Oh, Misha Brodsky, Lynn E. Nelson, G. Cadena, Mark D.
Feuer; AT&T Labs, USA. We show how interferograms of
modulated telecom signals can be used to monitor signals
degradation in real networks. In particular, reliable
measurements of extinction ratio and OSNR are
demonstrated for various modulation schemes.
CWC6 ?4:00 p.m.
Signal Phase Variation Induced by an Amplitude Limiter
Using Saturation of a Fiber Optic Parametric Amplifier,
Masayuki Matsumoto; Osaka Univ., Japan. Generation of phase
variation in an amplitude limiter using saturation of
parametric amplification in fiber is analyzed. Phase noise of
output signals induced by input amplitude noise both of
signal and pump is quantified.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Quantum Entanglement and Decoherence: 3rd International Conference on Quantum
Information (ICQI)
Abstracts
?Sunday, July 13 ?br> Atrium Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
?Monday, July 14 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:00 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
JMA ?Joint Plenary Session I
Salon E
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
JMA ?Joint Plenary Session I
8:00 a.m.
Opening Remarks, Conference Chairs (COTA, Slow Light, and
ICQI).
8:15 a.m.
ICQI Plenary
Photonic Entanglement in Quantum Communication and
Quantum Computation, Anton Zeilinger; Univ. Wien, Austria.
9:00 a.m.
Opening Remarks, Conference Chair (IPNRA).
9:05 a.m.
IPNRA Plenary
The Intimate Merger of Photonics and Computing, Ashok V.
Krishnamoorthy, SUN Microsystems, USA.
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
QMA ?Entanglement I
Salons H朖
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
QMA ?Entanglement I
Bahaa Saleh; Boston Univ., USA, Presider
QMA1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Purity and Entanglement of Two Photon States Generated
by Parametric Down Conversion, Carlos H. Monken; Univ.
Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil. We elucidate the dependence
of purity and entanglement of two photon states generated
by parametric down conversion on the parameters of the
source, such as crystal length, pump beam spatial bandwidth
and detectors angular apertures.
QMA2 ?11:00 a.m. Invited
Decoherence and Entanglement for Quantum Critical
Baths, Rosario Fazio; Intl. School for Advanced Studies (SISSA),
Italy. I introduce, and determine decoherence for, a wide
class of non trivial quantum critical baths coupled to a twolevel
system. I will describe the properties of decoherence
and its relations with the entanglement in the bath.
QMA3 ?11:30 a.m. Invited
Control of Superposition States of Continuous Variables
by Photon Counting and Filtering with cw Squeezed Light,
Masahide Sasaki; Natl. Inst. of Information and Communications
Technology, Japan. The two photon subtraction from
overlapping squeezed packets generates temporally
multiplexed superposition states of continuous variables
with a designated time separation. In an appropriate mode
an amplified superposition state is produced due to bosonic
quantum interference.
QMA4 ?12:00 p.m.
Entangled State Engineering in Single Mode Fibers, Joseph
B. Altepeter, Jun Chen, Prem Kumar; Northwestern Univ., USA.
We present novel designs for fiber based sources of
entangled photon pairs, and investigate the increasing
number of available options for quantum state engineering
in the telecom band using four wave mixing in standard
fibers.
QMA5 ?12:15 p.m.
Experimental Generation of Frequency Degenerate Bright
EPR Beams with a Self Locked Optical Parametric
Oscillator, Virginia DʹAuria1, Gaelle Keller1, Nicolas Treps1,
Thomas Coudreau2, Julien Laurat1, Claude Fabre1; 1Lab Kastler
Brossel, Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie, Ecole Normale Superi閡re,
CNRS, France, 2Lab Mat閞iaux et Ph閚om鑞es Quantiques, Univ.
Denis Diderot, Lab Kastler Brossel, Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie,
Ecole Normale Superi閡re, CNRS, France. We report the first
experimental generation of bright frequency degenerate
EPR beams with a type II OPO. Degeneracy is obtained by
introducing a birefringent plate inside the cavity, resulting in
phase locking. EPR correlation is characterized by homodyne
detection.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
QMB ?Entanglement II
Salons H朖
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
QMB ?Entanglement II
Rosario Fazio; Intl. School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Italy,
Presider
QMB1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
Engineering Multiparameter Entangled State with
Adaptive Optics, Alexander V. Sergienko1, Cristian Bonato2,
Stefano Bonora2, Paolo Villoresi2; 1Dept. of ECE, Boston Univ.,
USA, 2CNR INFM LUXOR, Dept. of Information Engineering,
Univ. of Padova, Italy. We discuss the possibility of actively
manipulating entangled states generated by type II
parametric down conversion. We study what effect active
manipulation of wavevector using adaptive mirror will have
on the behavior of polarization temporal interference.
QMB2 ?2:30 p.m. Invited
Revealing Anyonic Statistics with Multiphoton
Entanglement, W. Wieczorek1,2, Ch. Schmid1,2, N. Kiesel1,2, R.
Pohlner1,2, J. Pachos3, Harald Weinfurter1,2; 1Max Planck Inst. of
Quantum Optics, Germany, 2Dept. of Physics, Ludwig
Maximilians Univ. Munich, Germany, 3School of Physics and
Astronomy, Univ. of Leeds, UK. Anyons, manifested as
quasiparticles in two dimensional systems, exhibit fractional
statistics that ranges continuously from bosonic to fermionic
behavior. Here, we reveal anyonic features in a quantum
simulation using multi partite entangled state of polarized
photons.
QMB3 ?3:00 p.m. Invited
Percolation Theory, Optical Quantum Computing, and
Computational Phases of Matter, Terry G. Rudolph; Imperial
College, UK. I review two results: robust methods for ballistic
linear optical quantum computing, and phases of matter
defined by their quantum computational universality, which
make use of percolation theory朼 fascinating phenomenon of
classical statistical mechanics.
QMB4 ?3:30 p.m.
Long Distance Entanglement between a Photon and a
Single Trapped Atom, Wenjamin Rosenfeld1, Fredrik Hocke1,
Florian Henkel1, Michael Krug1, Andreas Deeg1, Christian Jakob1,
J黵gen Volz2, Markus Weber1, Harald Weinfurter1; 1Fakultat f黵
Physik, Ludwig Maximilians Univ. M黱chen, Germany, 2Lab
Kastler Brossel de lʹENS, France. Atom photon entanglement
provides a powerful interface between atomic memories and
photonic communication channels. As a first step towards
long distance quantum communication we demonstrate
atom photon entanglement over a 300 m long optical fiber.
QMB5 ?3:45 p.m.
Angular Dimensionality of Two Photon Entanglement, Eric
R. Eliel, Bart Jan Pors, Suman S. R. Oemrawsigh, Martin P. van
Exter, Andrea Aiello, Gert W. ʹt Hooft, J. P. Woerdman; Leiden
Univ., Netherlands. We use rotatable angular phase plates to
determine the angular dimensionality in twin photon
entanglement. We measure values between 2 and 6,
depending on the shape of the phase plates; a value of 50
seems feasible.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
QMC ?Optical and Other Implementations I
Salons H朖
4:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
QMC ?Optical and Other Implementations I
Alexander Sergienko; Boston Univ., USA, Presider
QMC1 ?4:30 p.m. Invited
Polar Molecules and Circuit QED: Towards Hybrid
Quantum Computing, Peter Rabl1,2, David DeMille3, John M.
Doyle2, Mikhail D. Lukin1,2, Robert J. Schoelkopf4, Peter Zoller5;
1Inst. for Theoretical Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics,
USA, 2Dept. of Physics, Harvard Univ., USA, 3Dept. of Physics,
Yale Univ., USA, 4Dept. of Applied Physics, Yale Univ., USA,
5Inst. for Theoretical Physics, Univ. of Innsbruck, Austria. Qubits
encoded in longlived rotational states of polar molecules
interact strongly with single photons of a superconducting
stripline cavity. We discuss potential applications of such a
hybrid device for quantum information processing.
QMC2 ?5:00 p.m.
Classical Logic Operations Using the Quantum Zeno
Effect, James D. Franson1, B. C. Jacobs2; 1Univ. of Maryland,
Baltimore County, USA, 2Applied Physics Lab, Johns Hopkins
Univ., USA. The quantum Zeno effect can be used to
implement quantum logic operations using single photons as
the qubits. It is shown here that similar effects can be used to
implement classical logic and memory devices.
QMC3 ?5:15 p.m.
Tunable Setup for an Entire Family of Four Photon
Entangled States, Witlef Wieczorek1,2, Christian Schmid1,2,
Nikolai Kiesel1,2, Roland Krischek1,2, Harald Weinfurter1,2; 1Max
Planck Inst. for Quantum Optics, Germany, 2Dept. of Physics,
Ludwig Maximilians Univ. Munich, Germany. We report on the
experimental observation and analysis of an entire family of
four photon entangled states. We demonstrate how these
states can be obtained with a single linear optics set up and
analyze particular entanglement properties.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
QMC4 ?5:30 p.m.
Surface Polariton Polariton Induced Transparency in Left
Handed Metamaterials, Ali A. Kamli1,2, Sergey A. Moiseev1,3,
Barry C. Sanders1; 1Inst. for Quantum Information Science, Univ.
of Calgary, Canada, 2Dept. of Physics, King Khalid Univ., Saudi
Arabia, 3Kazan Physical Technical Inst. of Russian Acad. of
Sciences, Russian Federation. We propose to control surface
polariton (SP) propagation in left handed materials. New
spectral behavior of SP propagation is demonstrated due to
the spatial properties of interaction between the SP modes
and three level atoms.
QMC5 ?5:45 p.m.
Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of a Semiconductor
Quantum Dot Cavity QED System in the Strong Coupling
Regime, Kartik Srinivasan1, Oskar Painter2; 1NIST, USA,
2Caltech, USA. Coherent optical spectroscopy of a stronglycoupled
semiconductor microcavity quantum dot system is
performed using a fiber taper waveguide to efficiently access
the system. Vacuum Rabi splitting under weak driving and
saturation under strong driving are observed.
QMC6 ?6:00 p.m.
Weak Values and the Leggett Garg Inequality in Solid
State Qubits, Andrew N. Jordan, Nathan S. Williams; Dept. of
Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Rochester, USA. An
implementation of weak values is investigated in solid state
qubits. We demonstrate that a weak value can be nonclassical
if and only if a Leggett Garg inequality can also be
violated.
QMC7 ?6:15 p.m.
Toward Hyperentanglement via Semiconductor Two
Photon Emission, Alex Hayat, Pavel Ginzburg, David Neiman,
Serge Rosenblum, Meir Orenstein; Dept. of Electrical Engineering,
Technion Israel Inst. of Technology, Israel. A novel phenomenon
of semiconductor two photon emission is presented
experimentally. Based on this effect, we propose
implementations of compact highly efficient roomtemperature
sources of entangled photons (inter band
transitions in a microcavity) and hyperentangled photons
(inter subband transitions).
JMB ?Joint Poster Session
Salon F
6:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
JMB ?Joint Poster Session
JMB42
Coupling of N Qubits to Any Dicke State via Projective
Measurements, Christoph Thiel1, Andreas Maser1, Thierry
Bastin2, Enrique Solano3, Joachim von Zanthier1; 1Inst. for Optics,
Information and Photonics, Univ. of Erlangen Nuremberg,
Germany, 2Inst. de Physique Nucl閍ire, Atomique et de
Spectroscopie, Univ. de Li鑗e au Sart Tilman, Belgium, 3 Dept. of
Physics, Arnold Sommerfeld Ctr. for Theoretical Physics and Ctr.
for Nanoscience, Ludwig Maximilians Univ., Germany. We
propose a method mimicking the coupling of N qubits to a
compound system using linear optics only. Our scheme
employs N atoms with Λ configuration and offers access to
any of the 2N Dicke states.
JMB43
Triple Quantum Correlations from an Above Threshold
Optical Parametric Oscillator, Kati鷖cia N. Cassemiro,
Alessandro S. Villar, Marcelo Martinelli, Paulo A. Nussenzveig;
Inst. de F韘ica, Univ. de Sao Paulo, Brazil. We measured triple
quantum correlations between the bright beams in an optical
parametric oscillator, operating above threshold. Owing to
extra noise in the system, still unaccounted for, tripartite
entanglement is yet to be demonstrated.
JMB44
GHZ\W Type Tripartite Entanglement in Non Interacting
Fermi Gas, Hessam Habibian1, John W. Clark2, Kurt Hingerl3,
Michael Bergmair3; 1Christian Doppler Lab for Surface Optics,
Inst. fur Halbleiter und Festkorperphysik, Johannes Kepler Univ.
Linz, Austria, 2Dept. of Physics, Washington Univ., USA,
3Christian Doppler Lab for Surface Optics, Inst. f黵 Halbleiter und
Festkorperphysik, Austria. We have considered GHZ\W
entanglement in non interacting Fermi gas. For this aim we
have introduced new class of GHZ Witnesses. We have
shown that for tripartite Fermi systems GHZ\W
entanglement as well as W type exists.
JMB45
Topological Phase for Spin Orbit Transformations on a
Laser Beam, Carlos Eduardo R. Souza1, Jose Augusto O.
Huguenin1, Perola Milman2, Antonio Z. Khoury1; 1Inst. de F韘ica,
Univ. de Federal Fluminense, Brazil, 2Lab de Materiaux et
Ph閚om鑞es Quantiques, Univ. Paris Diderot, France. We
investigate the topological phase associated with the SO(3)
representation in terms of maximally entangled states. An
experimental demonstration of this topological phase is
provided for polarization and spatial mode transformations
of a laser beam.
JMB46
Operator Quantum Fault Tolerance, Gerald Gilbert1, Michael
Hamrick1, Yaakov S. Weinstein1, Vaneet Aggarwal2, Robert
Calderbank2; 1MITRE, USA, 2Princeton Univ., USA. We
introduce a universal operator theoretic framework for
quantum fault tolerance that incorporates a top down
approach based on specification of the full system dynamics.
This approach leads to more accurate error thresholds.
JMB47
Microscopic Cascading Induced by Local Field Effects as a
Tool for Quantum Lithography, Ksenia Dolgaleva1, Heedeuk
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Shin1, Robert W. Boyd1, John E. Sipe2; 1Inst. of Optics, Univ. of
Rochester, USA, 2Dept. of Physics, Univ. of Toronto, Canada. We
show that there are cascaded contributions from the thirdorder
microscopic hyperpolarizability to the fifth order
susceptibility induced by local field effects which can be
useful in creating novel quantum lithographic materials.
JMB48
Operational Monitoring of Multi Qubit Entanglement
Classes via Tuning of Local Operations, Thierry Bastin1,
Christoph Thiel2, Joachim von Zanthier2, Lucas Lamata3, Enrique
Solano4, Girish S. Agarwal5; 1Inst. de Physique Nucl閍ire,
Atomique et de Spectroscopie, Univ. de Li鑗e au Sart Tilman,
Belgium, 2Inst. for Optics, Information and Photonics, Max Planck
Res. Group, Univ. of Erlangen Nuremberg, Germany, 3Max
Planck Inst. for Quantum Optics, Germany, 4Physics Dept.,
Arnold Sommerfeld Ctr. for Theoretical Physics and Ctr. for
Nanoscience, Ludwig Maximilians Univ., Germany, 5Dept. of
Physics, Oklahoma State Univ., USA. We show that for a
system of N emitters, incoherently radiating single photons it
is possible to associate well defined sets of experimental
parameters with multiqubit entanglement classes, allowing
their monitoring in an operational manner.
JMB49
Two Color Ghost Imaging, Kam Wai C. Chan, Malcolm N.
OʹSullivan, Mehul Malik, Robert W. Boyd; Inst. of Optics, Univ.
of Rochester, USA. We study a quantum ghost imaging system
that uses different wavelengths to illuminate the object and
the reference detector. We found that the resolution is
limited by the wavelength of light illuminating the object.
JMB50
Master Equation in the Presence of Initial Correlation with
Reservoir, Kazuya Yuasa; Waseda Univ., Japan. We discuss the
derivation of Markovian master equation via Nakajima
Zwanzigʹs projection operator method, when there exists
initial correlation between the system and the reservoir.
JMB51
Experimental Test of Non Local Realism Using a Fiber
Based Source of Polarization Entangled Photon Pairs,
Matthew D. Eisaman, Elizabeth Goldschmidt, Jingyun Fan, Alan
Migdall; NIST, USA. We test local realistic and non local
realistic theories using a fiber based source of polarizationentangled
photons. Our measurements violate local (certain
non local) hidden variable theories by 14 (3) standard
deviations.
JMB52
Withdrawn
JMB53
Entanglement Stabilization via Quantum Feedback, Andr?br> R. R. Carvalho1, Joseph J. Hope2; 1Dept. of Physics, Australian
Natl. Univ., Australia, 2Australian Ctr. for Quantum Atom
Optics, Dept. of Physics, Faculty of Science, Australian Natl.
Univ., Australia. We describe how feedback methods can be
implemented to produce and stabilize entangled states of
two atoms inside a cavity. The scheme overcomes
fundamental decoherence sources, and is mostly insensitive
to practical imperfections.
JMB54
DLCZ Quantum Repeaters: Rate and Fidelity Analysis,
Jeyran Amirloo, Mohsen Razavi, A. Hamed Majedi; Univ. of
Waterloo, Canada. The fidelity and the rate of entanglement
generation for the DLCZ entanglement swapping protocol
are evaluated. We find the distance beyond which DLCZ
repeaters outperform single DLCZ links by accounting for
loss, multiple excitation, and self purification effects.
JMB55
Recurrences in Quantum Walks, Martin Stefanak1, Igor Jex1,
Tamas Kiss2; 1Czech Technical Univ., Czech Republic, 2Res. Inst.
for Solid State Physics and Optics, Hungarian Acad. of Sciences,
Hungary. We analyze the recurrence probabilities (P髄ya
numbers) of quantum walks. We show that one can achieve
strikingly different recurrence behaviours for quantum walks
by altering the coin and the initial state.
JMB56
BB84 Quantun Key Distribution without a Shared
Reference Frame, C. E. R. Souza1, C. V. S. Borges1, A. Z.
Khoury1, J. A. O. Huguenin2, L. Aolita3, S. P. Walborn3; 1Inst. de
F韘ica, Univ. Federal Fluminense, Brazil, 2Dept. de Ci阯cias
Exatas, Univ. Federal Fluminense, Brazil, 3Inst. de F韘ica, Univ.
Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. We report a simple quantum
key distribution experiment in which a shared reference
frame is not necessary. Logical qubits are encoded into nonseparable
states of polarization and first order transverse
spatial modes of the same photon.
JMB57
Effect of Dispersion on Fidelity of a Quantum
Interferometer, Thomas B. Bahder1, Alexander V. Sergienko2,
David S. Simon2; 1Charles M. Bowden Res. Facility, Aviation and
Missile Res., Development and Engineering Ctr., US Army Res.
Development Command, USA, 2Dept. of Electrical and Computer
Engineering, Boston Univ., USA. We analyze the effect of
frequency dispersion on the Shannon mutual information for
high resolution phase measurement with Mach Zehnder
interferometers, comparing input states of monochromatic
photons to those of nonzero bandwidth photons produced
by parametric downconversion.
JMB58
Dynamics of Entangled Coherent States under Dissipation,
Freddy Antonio Peres Lastra1, Guillermo E. S. Romero1, Carlos E.
Lopez1, Nicim Zagury2, Juan C. Retamal1; 1Univ. de Santiago de
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Chile, Chile, 2Univ. Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. We discuss
the loss of entanglement under dissipation for a class of
entangled coherent states of two modes of the
electromagnetic field. Both asymptotic decays and finite
disentanglement occur depending of the initial conditions.
JMB59
A Parametric Down Conversion Source for Two Photon
Absorption Experiments, Todd B. Pittman, Scott Hendrickson,
Jim D. Franson; Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore County, USA. We
describe a Parametric Down Conversion source based on a
low power (< 1mW), narrowband (<1 MHz) fiber coupled
pump laser. The source is designed for two photon
absorption experiments related to quantum Zeno gates.
JMB60
Photon Energy Entanglement Characterization by
Electronic Transition Interference, Alex Hayat, Pavel
Ginzburg, Meir Orenstein; Dept. of Electrical Engineering,
Technion Israel Inst. of Technology, Israel. Direct
characterization of photon energy entanglement, full Bellstate
analysis and energy qubit detection are proposed,
based on a coherent control concept of two photon
absorption interferometry of electronic transition amplitudes
rather than of photons, within practical room temperature
semiconductor detectors.
JMB61
Entangling Schr鰀inger Cats: Methods, Measures and
Statistics, Mayer A. Landau, Carlos R. Stroud Jr.; Inst. of Optics,
Univ. of Rochester, USA. We study wavepacket entanglement
using generalized Schr鰀inger cat states of collections of
oscillators with time dependent interactions. Entanglement is
characterized as a function of pulse area using a generalized
entanglement measure, and generalized displacement
operator.
JMB62
Entangled Coherent States, Heisenberg Limited Metrology,
and Related Issues, Christopher C. Gerry, Adil Benmoussa;
Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College, CUNY, USA.
We discuss the generation of two mode maxinally entangled
coherent states using a weak nonlinear medium. We then
discuss their applications to quantum metrology
(Heisenberg limited interferometry), quantum lithography
and violations of Bell type inequalities.
JMB63
A New Scheme for Nuclear Spin Quantum Memory in an
Isotope Controlled Si Quantum Dot, Ozgur Cakir1,2,
Toshihide Takagahara1,2; 1Kyoto Inst. of Technology, Japan, 2Core
Res. for Evolutional Science and Technology, Japan Science and
Technology Agency, Japan. A new scheme for the nuclear spin
quantum memory and the photon electron quantum state
transfer is proposed based on the singlet triplet crossing of
two electrons in a Si quantum dot with a single 29Si isotope.
JMB64
Free Space Quantum Key Distribution System with
Atmospheric Turbulence Mitigation by Active Deformable
Mirror, Ivan Capraro1, Tommaso Occhipinti1, Stefano Bonora2,
Paolo Villoresi1; 1Univ. of Padova, Italy, 2Univ. of Padova and Lab
for Ultraviolet and X Ray Optical Res., Inst. Natl. per la Fisica
della Materia, Consiglio Natl. delle Ricerche, Italy. Propagation
through atmosphere is a major limitation in free space QKD
implementations. Adaptive Optics can be a solution to this
problem. This paper describes some results in this direction
we obtained with our QKD setup.
JMB65
Coherent States Engineering with Linear Optics, Bing He,
J醤os Bergou; Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Hunter College,
CUNY, USA. We present a general linear optics based
approach to implement contractive transformations that map
products of N coherent states to products of M coherent
states (M≤N) and apply it to nondestructive quantum
database search.
JMB66
Separable Operations on Pure States, Vlad Gheorghiu, Robert
B. Griffiths; Carnegie Mellon Univ., USA. Numerical evidence
provides strong support for the conjecture that the ensemble
resulting from a separable operation applied to a single
bipartite pure state can be produced by some LOCC
operation acting on the same state.
JMB67
Simulation of the Quantum Decoherence Effect for
79Br85Rb, R. A. Betancur; Univ. Natl. de Colombia, Colombia.
Decoherence effect on the density matrix of molecule 79Br85Rb
using Brownian particle model in high temperature limit is
simulated and the implied variables in this evolution are
revealed which gives insight to avoid this limitation.
JMB68
Entanglement, Postselection and Precise Inferences in Joint
Measurements of Incompatible Observables, Alonso Botero;
Univ. de los Andes, Colombia. We discuss conditions under
which joint outcomes of simultaneous measurements of noncommuting
canonical observables can be inferred with
arbitrary precision. The feat is possible for certain pre  and
postselections involving entanglement with ancillary
systems.
JMB69
Spin Induced Non Geodesic Motion, Wigner Rotation and
Entanglement of Massive Spin 1/2 Particles in a
Gravitational Field, Paul M. Alsing1, G.J. Stephenson1, Patrick
Kilian2; 1Univ. of New Mexico, USA, 2Bayrische Julius
Maximilians Univ. W黵zburg, Germany. We develop the
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Wigner rotation for spin 1/2 particles moving in curved
spacetimes, and include the spin orbit coupling of the
particleʹs motion to the gravitational curvature. We then
investigate entanglement in curved spacetimes.
JMB70
Quantum Control of Entanglement by Phase Manipulation,
Vladimir S. Malinovsky; MagiQ Technologies Inc., USA. A
method of entangled states preparation of two qubit systems
is proposed. The method combines the techniques of
coherent control by manipulation of the relative phase
between pulses, and adiabatic control using time delayed
pulse sequences.
JMB71
Exact Results on Decoherence and Entanglement in a
Cavity QED System of N Driven Atoms and One
Dissipative Field Mode, Matteo Bina, Federico Casagrande,
Alfredo Lulli; Dept. di Fisica, Univ. di Milano, Italy. The general
solution allows investigating and monitoring decoherence,
entanglement and purity of the system and the subsystems.
Particular entangled atomic states can be frozen in decoherence
free subspaces for quantum information purposes.
JMB72
Electromagnetically Induced Transparency on
Semiconductor Quantum Well Structure, Hoonsoo Kang, Jong
Su Kim, Clare C. Byeon, Mun Seok Jeong, Do Kyeong Ko, Jongmin
Lee; Advanced Photonics Res. Inst., Gwangju Inst. of Science and
Technology, Republic of Korea. We observed electromagnetically
induced transparency on GaAs/AlGas quantum well
structure. EIT signal was observed at various conditions
including delay time, coupling beam intensity, polarization
state of probe coupling beam and temperature.
JMB73
Quantum Squeezing and Correlation of Slow Light Self
Induced Transparency Solitons, Ray Kuang Lee1, Yinchieh
Lai2,3; 1Inst. of Photonics Technologies, Natl. Tsing Hua Univ.,
Taiwan, 2Dept. of Photonics, Natl. Chiao Tung Univ., Taiwan,
3Res. Ctr. for Applied Sciences, Academic Sinica, Taiwan. A
quantum theory of self induced transparency solitons is
developed with quantum effects of ensemble atoms taken
into account. Suggestions for experimental SIT soliton
squeezing detection and intersoliton correlation generation
are given.
JMB74
Conditions to Preserve Quantum Entanglement of
Quadrature Fields through an Eletctromagnetally Induced
Transparency Medium, Yu Lin Chuang1, Ray Kuang Lee1,2;
1Dept. of Photonics, Natl. Chiao Tung Univ., Taiwan, 2Inst. of
Photonics Technologies, Natl. Tsing Hua Univ., Taiwan. We
study the entanglements among three quadrature fields, two
of them interacting through an electromagnetically induced
transparency medium while two are generated by a twomode
squeezer. We show the conditions to preserve nonseparation
criteria.
JMB75
Quantum Key Distribution Using Magnetostatic Wave
Optical Interactions, Anil Prabhakar, Pradeep Kumar; Indian
Inst. of Technology, Madras, India. We propose quantum key
distribution using magnetostatic wave optical interactions in
garnet films at telecommunication wavelengths. The
simultaneous change in optical frequency and polarization is
advantageous in an implementation of the B92 protocol.
JMB76
Continuous Variable Teleportation: A New Look, Paulina
Marian, Tudor A. Marian; Univ. of Bucharest, Romania. We
show that the amount of noise distorting the properties of the
input field state in the continuous variable teleportation
rigorously equals the EPR杣ncertainty of the resource state.
JMB77
Security Evaluation of Dual Threshold Homodyne
Quantum Cryptographic Systems, Manuel Sabban1, Qing Xu1,
Philippe Gallion1, Francisco Mendieta1,2; 1Ecole Natl. Sup閞ieure
des T閘閏ommunications (T閘閏om ParisTech), France, 2 Center for
Scientific Investigation and Higher Education (CICESE), Mexico.
In this work we present a quantitative security analysis of a
dual threshold homodyne quantum cryptography with two
types of possible eavesdropping attacks in terms of the
differential of mutual information.
JMB78
Vortex Antivortex Labyrinth Wavefunction, Alexey Y.
Okulov; A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Inst., Russian Acad. of
Sciences, Russian Federation. The vortex antivortex optical
trapping arrays are shown to transfer angular orbital
momentum to support 揳ntiferromagnet like?matter waves.
The wavefunction抯 phase gradient field associated with the
field of classical velocities via Madelung transformation
forms labyrinth like structure.
JMB79
Entanglement Dynamics and Geometry of Quantum States:
Calculations and Simulations, Marcelo F. Santos; Univ.
Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil. We analyze the dynamical
behavior of entangled systems under the action of
decoherence and its relation to the geometry of quantum
states. Physical examples and an experimental simulation are
also presented.
JMB80
Hyperfine Interaction Induced Decoherence and Quantum
Information Processing with Quantum Dots, Yechao Zhu1,
Siqing Yu1, Ye Yeo2; 1Hwa Chong Inst., Singapore, 2Dept. of
Physics, Natl. Univ. of Singapore, Singapore. Employing a
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
realistic model of the nuclear spin bath, we derive exact
dynamical mappings that describe the basic operations in
quantum information processing with electron spin qubits in
quantum dots.
JMB1 JMB9 can be found in the COTA abstracts.
JMB10 JMB33 can be found in the Slow Light abstracts.
JMB34 JMB41, JMB81 can be found in the IPNRA abstracts.
NOTES
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
?Tuesday, July 15 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:30 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
JTuA ?Joint Plenary Session II
Salon E
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
JTuA ?Joint Plenary Session II
8:00 a.m.
Slow Light Plenary
Electro Optic Modulation of Photons and Biphotons,
Stephen E. Harris; Stanford Univ., USA.
8:40 a.m.
ICQI Plenary
Entanglement, Information Processing and Decoherence in
Trapped Atomic Ions, David J. Wineland; NIST, USA.
9:20 a.m.
COTA Plenary
Coherence Cloning and Phase Controlled Apertures Using
Optical Phase Lock Loops, Amnon Yariv; Caltech, USA.
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
QTuA ?Entanglement III
Salons H朖
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
QTuA ?Entanglement III
Saverio Pascazio; Univ. di Bari, Italy, Presider
QTuA1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
The Quantum Cost of a Nonlocal Measurement, Somshubhro
Bandyopadhyay1, Shelby Kimmel2, William K. Wootters2; 1Univ. de
Montr閍l, Canada, 2Williams College, USA. For any
measurement on two spatially separated objects, one can ask
how much quantum communication the measurement
requires. Here we place upper and lower bounds on this
quantity for a simple two qubit measurement.
QTuA2 ?11:00 a.m. Invited
Phase Transitions in the Statistics of Bipartite
Entanglement, Antonello Scardicchio; Princeton Univ., USA.
We study a random matrix model for the statistics of
bipartite entanglement. We find two phase transitions,
characterized by different Schmidt spectra. One critical phase
is described by a theory of random surfaces.
QTuA3 ?11:30 a.m. Invited
Single Atom ?Single Photon Interfaces, F. Rohde, C. Schuck,
M. Hennrich, M. Almendros, A. Haase, N. Piro, F. Dubin, M.
Mitchell, R. Gehr, Juergen Eschner; ICFO   Inst. of Photonic
Sciences, Spain. In an experimental system of two distant ion
traps we trap simultaneously strings of Ca+ ions and observe
Hong Ou Mandel interference between their scattered
photons. We also generate entangled photon pairs whose
frequency and bandwidth are matched to an absorption line
in the ions, and work towards heralded single photon ?br> single ion interaction.
QTuA4 ?12:00 p.m.
Transforming Entanglement without Communication, Bing
He, J醤os Bergou; Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Hunter
College, CUNY, USA. We present a local unitary operation
strategy to realize the transformations between bi partite
entangled pure states without any communication between
the sharing parties. It also saves the interaction with an
ancilla in implementing the transformations.
QTuA5 ?12:15 p.m.
Entanglement on Demand through Time Reordering, Joseph
E. Avron1, Gili Bisker1, David Gershoni1, Netanel H. Lindner1, Eli
A. Meirom1, Richard J. Warburton2; 1Dept. of Physics, Technion
Israel Inst. of Technology, Israel, 2School of Engineering and
Physical Sciences, Heriot Watt Univ., UK. Entangled photons
can be generated on demand in a novel scheme involving
unitary time reordering of the photons emitted in a radiative
decay. This scheme can be applied to the biexciton cascade in
quantum dots.
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
QTuB ?Quantum Imaging and Emerging Topics
Salons H朖
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
QTuB ?Quantum Imaging and Emerging Topics
Wolfgang Schleich; Dept. of Quantum Physics, Univ. of Ulm,
Germany, Presider
QTuB1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
The Physics of Ghost Imaging, Yanhua Shih; Univ. of
Maryland, Baltimore County, USA. Two types of ghost
imaging have been experimentally demonstrated since 1995.
Type one ghost imaging uses entangled photon pairs and
type two ghost imaging uses chaotic light. This talk will
explore and analyze the quantum nature of both type one
and type two ghost imaging.
QTuB2 ?2:30 p.m.
X Entanglement of PDC Photon Pairs, Alessandra Gatti, Lucia
Caspani, Enrico Brambilla, Ottavia Jedrkiewicz, Luigi A. Lugiato;
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Inst. Natl. per la Fisica della Materia, Consiglio Natl. delle
Ricerche, CNISM and Dept. di Fisica e Matematica, Univ.
dellʹInsubria, Italy. The X wave picture is adopted to describe
the spatio temporal entanglement of PDC photons. Key
elements of novelty are the non factorability of the state and
the extreme relative localization of photons in space and
time.
QTuB3 ?2:45 p.m.
Single Photon Image Discrimination, Curtis J. Broadbent1,
John C. Howell1, Heedeuk Shin2, Petros Zerom2, Robert W. Boyd2;
1Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Rochester, USA, 2Inst.
of Optics, Univ. of Rochester, USA. We present experimental
results demonstrating image discrimination with a single
photon. A multiplexed hologram is used to distinguish
between two single photon images with a confidence of
greater than 93.4% without requiring an ensemble.
QTuB4 ?3:00 p.m.
Resonant Interferometric Lithography beyond the
Diffraction Limit, J鰎g Evers1, Martin Kiffner1, M. Suhail
Zubairy1,2; 1Max Planck Inst. f黵 Kernphysik, Germany, 2Texas
A&M Univ. at Qatar, Qatar. We discuss interferometric
optical subwavelength lithography using resonant lightmatter
interactions only. As compared to previous schemes,
no multiphoton processes are required, such that the scheme
works at low light intensities.
QTuB5 ?3:15 p.m.
Quantum Imaging with Single Photon Sources, Joachim von
Zanthier1, Christoph Thiel1, Thierry Bastin2, Girish S. Agarwal3;
1Inst. for Optics, Information and Photonics, Univ. of Erlangen
Nuremberg, Germany, 2Inst. de Physique Nucl閍ire, Atomique et
de Spectroscopie, Univ. de Li鑗e au Sart Tilman, Belgium, 3Dept.
of Physics, Oklahoma State Univ., USA. We propose to employ
photons emitted from single photon sources to image a
physical object of sub wavelength size with 100% contrast by
making use of joint detection probabilities.
QTuB6 ?3:30 p.m.
Quantum Illumination: Enhanced Background Limited
Target Detection by Means of Entanglement, Si Hui Tan1,
Baris I. Erkmen1, Vittorio Giovannetti2, Saikat Guha1, Seth Lloyd1,
Lorenzo Maccone3, Jeffrey H. Shapiro1; 1MIT, USA, 2Scuola
Normale Superiore, Italy, 3Univ. degli Studi di Pavia, Italy. Use of
an entangled state transmitter is shown to provide a
significant performance advantage梚n comparison to a
coherent state transmitter梚n background limited target
detection, even though the received state is not entangled.
QTuB7 ?3:45 p.m.
Individual Addressing of Trapped Ions and Coupling of
Motional and Spin States Using rf Radiation, M. Johanning1,
A. Braun1, N. Timoney1, V. Elman1, W. Neuhauser2, Chr.
Wunderlich1; 1Univ. of Siegen, Germany, 2Univ. of Hamburg,
Germany. Two essential steps towards a novel concept for
quantum information science梐n ion spin molecule梐re
demonstrated for the first time: Individual rf addressing of
trapped ions and spin motion interaction induced by an rffield.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
QTuC ?Decoherence and Algorithms
Salons H朖
4:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
QTuC ?Decoherence and Algorithms
Zdenek Hradil; Dept. of Optics, Palacky Univ., Czech Republic,
Presider
QTuC1 ?4:30 p.m. Invited
Non Markov Control of Quantum Thermodynamics in
Multipartite Systems, Gershon Kurizki; Dept. of Chemical
Physics, Weizmann Inst. of Science, Israel. We predict drastic
deviations from ordinary thermodynamic trends, which are
monotonic approach to thermal equilibrium and positive
entropy production, when qubits coupled to bosonic baths
are probed on non Markovian time scales by quantum
nondemolition measurements.
QTuC2 ?5:00 p.m.
Controlled Dephasing of a Quantum Dot Resonance, Daniel
Rohrlich1, Oren Zarchin2, Moty Heiblum2, Diana Mahalu2,
Vladimir Umansky2; 1Dept. of Physics, Ben Gurion Univ., Israel,
2Dept. of Condensed Matter Physics, Weizmann Inst. of Science,
Israel. We couple electrons passing through a two slit
interferometer to electrons tunneling through a Fabry Perot
interferometer (a quantum dot) at resonance, and
demonstrate that the mutual detection of these
interferometer currents dephases and suppresses the
resonance.
QTuC3 ?5:15 p.m. Invited
Factorization of Numbers and Gauss Sums, Wolfgang
Schleich; Dept. of Quantum Physics, Univ. of Ulm, Germany.
Gauss sums play an important role in number theory as well
as quantum physics. We present schemes based on Gauss
sums to factor large numbers. We review recent experiments
and discuss possible extension using entanglement.
QTuC4 ?5:45 p.m. Invited
Quantum Walks朤ypes and Properties, Igor Jex1, Martin
Stefanak1, Tamas Kiss2; 1Czech Technical Univ., Czech Republic,
2RISPO Hungarian Acad. of Sciences, Hungary. We review
properties of quantum walks with one and two excitations.
The Polya number concept is applied to quantum walks and
used for their classification. Quantum walks with random
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
errors leading to localization are discussed.
QTuC5 ?6:15 p.m.
Quantum Walks on Highly Symmetric Graphs, Mark
Hillery; Dept. of Physics, Hunter College, CUNY, USA. We
study discrete time quantum walks on the complete and
bipartite graphs, and show how they can be used to perform
searches. The symmetry of the graphs significantly reduces
the dimension of the problem.
Salon F
6:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Conference Reception
NOTES
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
?Wednesday, July 16 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:30 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
QWA ?Entanglement IV
Salons H朖
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
QWA ?Entanglement IV
Alessandra Gatti; CNR CNISM and Univ. dellʹ Insubria, Italy,
Presider
QWA1 ?8:00 a.m. Invited
A Universal Set of Quantum Gates on Trapped Ions in a
Decoherence Free Subspace, Hartmut H鋐fner; Inst. f黵
Quantenoptik und Quanteninformation, Austria. Pairs of
trapped ions can store quantum information four orders of
magnitude longer than single ions. We will discuss the
realization of a universal set of quantum gates acting on such
a decoherence free suspace.
QWA2 ?8:30 a.m. Invited
Probing Quantum Rules with Single Photon Creation and
Annihilation Operators, Marco Bellini; Inst. Nazionale di
Ottica Applicata and LENS/Univ. of Florence, Italy. We
experimentally apply simple sequences of photon creation
and annihilation operators to a light field. By a tomographic
analysis of the resulting light states we provide the first
direct test of quantum non commutativity.
QWA3 ?9:00 a.m. Invited
One Way Quantum Computation with Two Photon
Multiqubit Cluster States, Paolo Mataloni; Univ. degli Studi di
Roma, Italy. We demonstrate one way quantum computation
by using cluster states of two photons and four qubits.
General single qubit rotations, either probabilistic or
deterministic, and efficient C NOT and C Phase gates have
been realized by this technique.
QWA4 ?9:30 a.m.
Strongly Correlated Photon Transport in One Dimensional
Systems, Jung Tsung Shen, Shanhui Fan; Stanford Univ., USA.
We show that two photon transport is strongly correlated in
one dimensional waveguide coupled to a two level system.
Moreover, we show that the two level system can induce
effective attractive or repulsive interactions in space for
photons.
QWA5 ?9:45 a.m.
Delay of Quantum Correlations with an Atomic System,
Alberto M. Marino, Raphael C. Pooser, Vincent Boyer, Paul D.
Lett; NIST, USA. We use a four wave mixing process in an
atomic system to delay quantum correlations in twin beams.
We have obtained a delay of 13 ns without a significant
degradation of the intensity difference squeezing.
Salon Foyer
10:00 p.m.?0:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
QWB ?Optical and Other Implementations II, Quantum
State Reconstruction, Storage I
Salons H朖
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
QWB ?Optical and Other Implementations II, Quantum
State Reconstruction, Storage I
Yanhua Shih; Univ. of Maryland, Baltimore County, USA,
Presider
QWB1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Tomography for Quantum Diagnostics, Zdenek Hradil1,
Jaroslav Rehacek1, Dmitri Mogilevtsev2; 1Palacky Univ. Olomouc,
Czech Republic, 2Inst. of Physics, Belarus. We introduce a
resolution measure, which provides error bars for any
quantity inferred from tomographic measurement. Method is
illustrated with the diagnostics of non classical behavior
using homodyne tomography and Wigner function at the
origin.
QWB2 ?11:00 a.m.
Experimental Quantum State Tomography in Mutually
Unbiased Bases, Robert B. A. Adamson, Aephraim M. Steinberg;
Dept of Physics, Univ. of Toronto, Canada. We present the first
experiment in two qubit quantum state tomography to take
advantage of mutually unbiased bases. Measuring in these
bases extracts the maximum information from a fixed
number of copies of the state.
QWB3 ?11:15 a.m.
Experimental Quantum State Tomography of a Solid State
Qubit, Andreas Walther, Lars Rippe, Brian Julsgaard, Stefan
Kr鰈l; Dept. of Physics, Lund Inst. of Technology, Sweden. An
ensemble of Pr3+ ions is prepared inside a zero absorption
spectral hole, to act as a qubit. Quantum state tomography
with robust pulses, to compensate for inhomogeneities, is
demonstrated with >90% fidelity.
QWB4 ?11:30 a.m.
Holey Fiber Microcavities, Scott M. Hendrickson, Todd B.
Pittman, James D. Franson; Physics Dept., Univ. of Maryland,
Baltimore County, USA. Microcavities have been formed by
placing mirrors on the ends of a short section of holey fiber.
The resonant behavior of these devices was analyzed and
their suitability for use in nonlinear optics experiments was
evaluated.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
QWB5 ?11:45 a.m.
Quantum Information Processing with Optical Fibers,
Jeremie Fulconis1, Alexander Clark1, Matthaeus Halder1, Jeremy L.
O払rien1, John G. Rarity1, Chunle Xiong2, William J. Wadsworth2;
1Univ. of Bristol, UK, 2Univ. of Bath, UK. We demonstrate a
fiber implementation of a Controlled NOT gate using a fiber
source of heralded single photons and three partially
polarising couplers. We also investigate a new phasematching
scheme for pure state single photon generation.
QWB6 ?12:00 p.m.
Photon Hole Nondemolition Measurement by Quantum
Interference, Alex Hayat, Pavel Ginzburg, David Neiman, Serge
Rosenblum, Meir Orenstein; Dept. of Electrical Engineering,
Technion Israel Inst. of Technology, Israel. We propose a
quantum nondemolition measurement of photon holes by
electromagnetically induced transparency schemes. Upon
photon hole arrival the destructive interference of electron
transition amplitudes is destroyed, resulting in absorption of
a drive photon, preserving the photon hole state.
QWB7 ?12:15 p.m.
Deterministic Spin Entangler and Photon Entangler Using
a Charged Quantum Dot in a Microcavity, C. Y. Hu1, W. J.
Munro2, A. Young1, J. L. OʹBrien1, J. G. Rarity1; 1Univ. of Bristol,
UK, 2Hewlett Packard Labs, UK. We present a deterministic
photon spin entangling gate using a charged quantum dot in
a microcavity. This gate can be used for quantum nondemolition
measurement of spin, spin entanglement, photon
entanglement and as photon spin quantum interface.
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
QWC ?Quantum Communication
Salons H朖
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
QWC ?Quantum Communication
Mark Hillery; CUNY Hunter College, USA, Presider
QWC1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
An Exponential Separation between the Entanglement and
Communication Capacities of a Bipartite Unitary
Interaction, Debbie Leung; Univ. of Waterloo, Canada. We
consider asymptotic capacities of bipartite unitary gates. We
present a gate with exponentially larger entanglement
capacity than the total communication capacity. The key tool
is a communication efficient method to identify a bipartite
quantum state.
QWC2 ?2:30 p.m. Invited
Unambiguous Preparation of Non Orthogonal Quantum
States, Fabian Torres Ruiz1, Jos?Aguirre1, Aldo Delgado1, G.
Lima1, Sebastiao P醖ua1,2, Luis Roa1, Carlos Saavedra1; 1Dept. de
F韘ica, Univ. de Concepci髇, Chile, 2Dept. de F韘ica, Univ. Federal
de Minas Gerais, Brazil. A probabilistic method for the
unambiguous preparation of non orthogonal polarization
states is proposed. We show experimentally how this
protocol is implemented by using two photon states
generated in the process of down conversion.
QWC3 ?3:00 p.m.
Experimental Restoration of Entanglement on an
Entanglement Breaking Quantum Channel, Fabio
Sciarrino1,2, Eleonora Nagali1, Francesco De Martini1,3, Radim
Filip4, Miroslav Gavenda4; 1Univ. di Roma, Italy, 2Ctr. di Studi e
Richerche 揈nrico Fermi,?Italy, 3Accademia Natl. dei Lincei, Italy,
4Dept. of Optics, Palacky Univ., Czech Republic. A new method
revealing entanglement from a single photon entanglement
breaking channel is proposed and experimentally verified.
Via detection of noise leaving channel, the entanglement can
be restored and further enhanced by single copy
entanglement filtration.
QWC4 ?3:15 p.m.
Spectrally Bright and Broad Fiber Based Heralded Single
Photon Source, Elizabeth A. Goldschmidt, Matthew D. Eisaman,
Jingyun Fan, Sergey V. Polyakov, Jun Chen, Alan Migdall; NIST,
USA. We report the development of a spectrally bright and
broad heralded single photon source based on spontaneous
four wave mixing in a single mode fiber, measuring the
second order correlation function, g(2)(0), far below unity
over a broad spectral range.
QWC5 ?3:30 p.m.
Space to Ground Single Photon Link for the Realization of
a Space Quantum Channel, Paolo Villoresi1, Thomas
Jennewein2, Fabrizio Tamburini3, Markus Aspelmeyer2,4, Cristian
Bonato1, Rupert Ursin4, Claudio Pernechele5, V. Luceri6, Giuseppe
Bianco7, Anton Zeilinger2,4, Cesare Barbieri3; 1Dept. of Information
Engineering, Univ. of Padova and Lab for Ultraviolet and X Ray
Optical Res., Inst. Natl. per la Fisica della Materia, Consiglio Natl.
delle Ricerche, Italy, 2Inst. for Quantum Optics and Quantum
Information (IQOQI), Austrian Acad. of Sciences, Austria, 3Dept.
of Astronomy, Univ. of Padova, Italy, 4Faculty of Physics, Inst. for
Experimental Physics, Univ. of Vienna, Austria, 5Inst. Natl. di
Astrofisica Cagliari, Italy, 6e GEOS S.p.A, Ctr. di Geodesia
Spaziale 揋. Colombo,?Italy, 7Ctr. di Geodesia Spaziale 揋.
Colombo,?Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Italy. We present the
experimental study of a quantum channel between an
orbiting source and a ground receiver. Different geodynamic
satellites were used as a single photon source, obtaining an
effective link with Ajisai at the distance of 1650 km.
QWC6 ?3:45 p.m.
Optimal Individual Attacks Against BB84, Raul Garcia
Patron, Franco N. C. Wong, Jeffrey H. Shapiro; Res. Lab of
Electronics, MIT, USA. An economical version of asymmetric
phase covariant cloning is shown to provide an optimal
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
individual attack on the BB84 protocol with error correction
that can be physically simulated using deterministic singlephoton
two qubit quantum logic.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
QWD ?Metrology, Storage II and Transfer of Quantum
Information; Emerging Topics
Salons H朖
4:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
QWD ?Metrology, Storage II and Transfer of Quantum
Information; Emerging Topics
William K. Wootters; Williams College, USA, Presider
QWD1 ?4:30 p.m. Invited
Partial Measurement Based Quantum Operations, Gerd
Leuchs; Inst. f黵 Optik, Information und Photonik, Germany.
Partial measurements play an important role in several
quantum information protocols with discrete and continuous
variables such as state generation and cloning. Here we
report on distillation of entanglement in the presence of non
Gaussian noise.
QWD2 ?5:00 p.m. Invited
Electromagnetically Induced Transparency with Squeezed
Light, Alexander Lvovsky; Univ. of Calgary, Canada. We
investigate propagation and storage of pulses of squeezed
vacuum in rubidium vapor under the conditions of
electromagnetically induced transparency. Quantum states
of retrieved pulses are characterized by optical homodyne
tomography.
QWD3 ?5:30 p.m. Invited
Quantum Computing and Its Applications to Hybrid
Quantum Repeaters, Kae Nemoto; Natl. Inst. of Informatics,
Japan. Qubus computation is a type of quantum information
processing where qubits couple through quantum bus
(qubus). Exploring its hybrid and distributed nature, we
investigate the characteristics of a quantum repeater protocol
of the qubus type.
QWD4 ?6:00 p.m.
Where Is the Quantum Particle between Two Position
Measurements? Lev Vaidman; Physics Dept., Tel Aviv Univ.,
Israel. A controversy about counterfactual computation
reveals a paradoxical feature of a pre  and post selected
quantum particle: it can reach a certain location without
being on the path that leads to and from this location.
QWD5 ?6:15 p.m.
Experimental Optomechanics with Single and Twin
Moving Mirrors, Pierre Francois Cohadon, Chiara Molinelli,
Pierre Verlot, Aur閘ien Kuhn, Tristan Briant, Antoine Heidmann;
Lab Kastler Brossel, Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie, France. We
present experiments where the motion of micro mirrors is
optically monitored with a quantum limited sensitivity.
Direct effects of radiation pressure on single and twin mirror
cavities are experimentally demonstrated. Applications to
quantum optics are discussed.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Slow and Fast Light (SL)
Abstracts
?Sunday, July 13 ?br> Atrium Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
?Monday, July 14 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:00 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
JMA ?Joint Plenary Session I
Salon E
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
JMA ?Joint Plenary Session I
8:00 a.m.
Opening Remarks, Conference Chairs (COTA, Slow Light, and
ICQI).
8:15 a.m.
ICQI Plenary
Photonic Entanglement in Quantum Communication and
Quantum Computation, Anton Zeilinger; Univ. Wien, Austria.
9:00 a.m.
Opening Remarks, Conference Chair (IPNRA).
9:05 a.m.
IPNRA Plenary
The Intimate Merger of Photonics and Computing, Ashok V.
Krishnamoorthy, SUN Microsystems, USA.
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
SMA ?EIT and Quantum Information
Salon G
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
SMA ?EIT and Quantum Information
Lene Vestergaard Hau; Harvard Univ., USA, Presider
SMA1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Title to Be Announced, Peter Knight; Imperial College, UK. No
abstract available.
SMA2 ?11:00 a.m. Invited
Stationary Light and Bose Einstein Condensation of Slow
Light Polaritons, Michael Fleischhauer; Univ. of Kaiserslautern,
Germany. Stationary light with 3 D confinement based on EIT
is discussed and Bose condensation of the associated
quasiparticles at large temperatures is proposed. Incoherent
generation, thermalization and detection methods for the
condensate are analyzed.
SMA3 ?11:30 a.m.
Slow Light with Fourth Order Fields, Curtis J. Broadbent,
Praveen K. Vudyasetu, Ryan M. Camacho, Ran Xin, John C.
Howell; Univ. of Rochester, USA. We demonstrate
experimentally the preservation of entanglement between
delayed and non delayed members of energy time entangled
biphotons, as well as the preservation of fourth order
temporal coherence of thermal light with a delayed version
of itself.
SMA4 ?11:45 a.m.
Electromagnetically Induced Transparency (EIT) and Slow
Light in a 4He* Hot Atomic Vapor, Fabienne Goldfarb1, Joyee
Ghosh1,2, Martin David1, Jerome Ruggiero1, Thierry Chaneliere1,
Jean Louis Le Gouet1, Herve Gilles3, Rupamanjari Ghosh2, Fabien
Bretenaker1; 1Lab Aime Cotton, Ctr. Natl. de la Res. Scientifique,
France, 2Jawaharlal Nehru Univ., India, 3Ctr. de Res. sur les Ions,
les Materiaux et la Photonique, France. EIT and light velocities
as low as 7000 m.s 1 were observed at 1.083 μm using a 4He*
cell at room temperature. The 1 GHz Doppler broadening
opens the door to broadband radar applications.
SMA5 ?12:00 p.m.
Observation of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency
in a Quantum Dot Ensemble, Saulius Marcinkevicius1,
Aleksander Gushterov2, Johann P. Reithmaier2; 1Royal Inst. of
Technology, Sweden, 2Kassel Univ., Germany.
Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) based on
exciton spin transitions is observed in InGaAs quantum dots.
Inhomogeneous broadening of the quantum dot ensemble,
detrimental for EIT, is effectively reduced by using spectrally
narrow pulses.
SMA6 ?12:15 p.m.
Manipulate Retrieval of Stored Light Pulses, Yong Fan
Chen1, Ite A. Yu2; 1Dept. of Physics, Natl. Cheng Kung Univ.,
Taiwan, 2Dept. of Physics, Natl. Tsing Hua Univ., Taiwan. We
have experimentally demonstrated that the width, frequency,
and polarization of stored light pulses can be manipulated by
controlling the retrieval process. The manipulation of stored
light pulses may facilitate the application of optical
communications.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
SMB ?Metamaterials
Salon G
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
SMB ?Metamaterials
Shanhui Fan; Stanford Univ., USA, Presider
SMB1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
Optical Cloaking and 揊ast Light,?Vladimir M. Shalaev, W.
Cai, U. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev; Purdue Univ., USA. Recent
advances in metamaterial research have provided us with a
blueprint for cloaking capabilities. We analyze practical
designs to convert concepts into real life devices along with
limitations to cloaking and its relation to ʺfast light.?br> SMB2 ?2:30 p.m. Invited
Plasmon Assisted Transparency in Metallodielectric
Resonators, Miriam Deutsch; Univ. of Oregon, USA. We
present a theoretical study of light scattering in spherical
metallodielectric multi layered particles and their ordered
assemblies. A tunable electromagnetic transparency and
possible left handed optical response are discussed.
SMB3 ?3:00 p.m.
Stopped Light in Negative Index Metamaterial
Heterostructures, Kosmas L. Tsakmakidis, Ortwin Hess;
Advanced Technology Inst. and Dept. of Physics, Faculty of
Engineering and Physical Sciences, Univ. of Surrey, UK.
Lightwaves guided along an adiabatically tapered negativeindex
heterostructure can efficiently be brought to a
complete halt. We prove this conclusion by means of, both,
full wave and pertinent ray tracing analyses.
SMB4 ?3:15 p.m.
Slow Surface Plasmons, Eric R. Eliel, Nikolay V. Kuzmin,
Barry J.G. van der Meer, Anna L. Tchebotareva, Gert W. ʹt Hooft;
Leiden Univ., Netherlands. We have studied surface plasmons
propagating along a smooth silver glass interface at energies
up to 2.6 eV. These short wavelength plasmons, with an
effective wavelength of 260 nm, travel at a group velocity
equal to c/3.
SMB5 ?3:30 p.m.
Slow Light in 揨ero Thickness?Metamaterials, Nikitas
Papasimakis1, Vassili A. Fedotov1, Sergey L. Prosvirnin2, Nikolay I.
Zheludev1; 1Optoelectronics Res. Ctr., Univ. of Southampton,
United Kingdom, 2Inst. of Radio Astronomy, Natl. Acad. of
Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine. We show for the first time that a
classical analogue of EIT can be realized in 搝ero thickness?br> planar metamaterials (meta surfaces) resulting in substantial
delay of propagating electromagnetic pulses.
SMB6 ?3:45 p.m.
Split Band Edge Structures and Negative Index, John O.
Schenk1, Robert P. Ingel1, Michael A. Fiddy1, Weiguo Yang2;
1Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA, 2Western Carolina
Univ., USA. Highly anisotropic periodic waveguide
structures show gigantic field enhancements near a split
band edge due to low group velocities. An effective negative
index regime is observed, leading to strong but localized
field emission around the waveguide.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
SMC ?Applications in Optical Communications
Salon G
4:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
SMC ?Applications in Optical Communications
Moshe Tur; Tel Aviv Univ., Israel, Presider
SMC1 ?4:30 p.m. Invited
High Performance Gbit/s Data Transmission through Slow
Light Elements, Alan E. Willner; Univ. of Southern California,
USA. This paper will highlight various systems issues that
relate to transmitting high speed data through slow light
delay elements, such as: (i) data pattern dependent penalties,
(ii) PSK and QPSK data signals, and (iii) synchronization and
multiplexing.
SMC2 ?5:00 p.m. Invited
How to Build an Optical Buffer for IP Packets, Rodney S.
Tucker; Univ. of Melbourne, Australia. We describe the design
of Internet Protocol (IP) buffers for optical packet switches.
We show that slow light delay lines and ring resonator
arrays show potential, but a number of key challenges
remain.
SMC3 ?5:30 p.m.
Large Multi Gbit/s Delays Generated in an All Optical
Tunable Delay Line Preserving Wavelength and Signal
Bandwidth, Sanghoon Chin, Luc Th関enaz; Ecole Polytechnique
F閐閞al de Lausanne, Switzerland. Large all optical tunable
delays are generated in a dispersive fiber by double
wavelength conversion through cross gain modulation in
semiconductor optical amplifiers. A 156 ps pulse train is
continuously delayed up to 14 ns.
SMC4 ?5:45 p.m.
All Optical Tunable Delay Line Based on Soliton Self
Frequency Shift for 10 Gbit/s Data Modulated RZ Pulses
with the Assist of Pulse Compression, Tomochika Kanou,
Takashi Kunihiro, Akihiro Maruta; Osaka Univ., Japan. We
propose a novel all optical tunable delay line based on
soliton self frequency shift for 10 Gbit/s data modulated RZ
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
pulses with the assist of pulse compression and
experimentally demonstrate the error free operation.
SMC5 ?6:00 p.m.
Performance of a Silicon Microring Slow Light Delay Line
for Advanced Modulation Formats, Qiang Li1, Fangfei Liu1,
Ziyang Zhang2, Min Qiu2, Tong Ye1, Yikai Su1; 1Shanghai Jiao
Tong Univ., China, 2Royal Inst. of Technology, Sweden. We
experimentally demonstrate a delay line in silicon microring
resonator with a 20 μm radius. The delay performances of six
advanced modulation formats are investigated, including
NRZ, RZ, DPSK, CSRZ, RZ DB and RZ AMI.
SMC6 ?6:15 p.m.
Simulation of Sub Wavelength Metal Gratings for On
Chip Applications in Optical Communications, Erica D.
Lively, Daniel J. Blumenthal; Univ. of California at Santa Barbara,
USA. Finite difference time domain (FDTD) and finite
element method (FEM) techniques are used to demonstrate
the potential of integrating sub wavelength metal gratings
onto an InP based material platform. Dispersion relations
and pulse propagation are simulated.
JMB ?Joint Poster Session
Salon F
6:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
JMB ?Joint Poster Session
JMB10
Enhancement of Brillouin Slow Light in Optical Fibers
through Optical Pulse Shaping, Sanghoon Chin, Luc
Th関enaz; Ecole Polytechnique F閐閞al de Lausanne, Switzerland.
The impact of pulse shape is studied in order to enhance time
delaying in Brillouin slow light. An exponential like pulse
with 14 ns FWHM duration is delayed up to 31 ns in a 27
MHz wide Brillouin resonance.
JMB11
Experimental Observation of Pulse Delay and Speed up in
Cascaded Quantum Well Gain and Absorber Media, Per L.
Hansen, Mike V. D. Poel, Kresten Yvind, Jesper M鴕k; Technical
Univ. of Denmark, Denmark. Slow down and speed up of 180
fs pulses in semiconductor waveguides beyond the existing
models is observed. Cascaded gain and absorbing sections is
shown to provide significant temporal pulse shifting at near
constant output pulse energy.
JMB12
Chirp Dependence of Filter Assisted Slow and Fast Light
Effects in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers, Weiqi Xue1,
Yaohui Chen1, Filip 謍man1, Salvador Sales2, Jesper M鴕k1; 1Dept.
of Photonics Engineering, Technical Univ. of Denmark, Denmark,
2Inst. of Telecommunications and Multimedia Applications, Univ.
Polit閏nica de Valencia, Spain. We demonstrate that the initial
optical phase difference between the carrier and sidebands
will strongly influence the final RF phase shift induced by
filter assisted slow and fast light effects in semiconductor
optical amplifiers.
JMB13
Comparison of EIT Schemes in Semiconductor Quantum
Dots, Jakob Houmark1, Torben R. Nielsen2, Jesper M鴕k2, Antti
Pekka Jauho1; 1Dept. of Micro  and Nanotechnology, Technical
Univ. of Denmark, Denmark, 2Dept. of Photonics Engineering,
Technical Univ. of Denmark, Denmark. We compare the
slowdown capabilities of different EIT schemes in a transient
regime using a many body approach. The V scheme is
preferable as it requires the lowest pump power to achieve
reasonable slowdown factors.
JMB14
Semi Analytical Model of Filtering Effects in Microwave
Phase Shifters Based on Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,
Yaohui Chen, Weiqi Xue, Filip 謍man, Jesper M鴕k; DTU
Fotonik, Dept. of Photonics Engineering, Technical Univ. of
Denmark, Denmark. We present a model to interpret enhanced
microwave phase shifts based on filter assisted slow and fast
light effects in semiconductor optical amplifiers. The model
also demonstrates the spectral phase impact of input optical
signals.
JMB15
Electromagnetically Induced Transparency Effect in a VType
Medium Controlled by an Incoherent Pumping Field,
Wenzhuo Tang, Luming Li, Hong Guo; Peking Univ., China. The
electromagnetically induced transparency effect in a V type
medium controlled by an incoherent pumping field is
studied both experimentally and theoretically, which shows
that different propagation directions have absolutely
opposite effect.
JMB16
Fractional Advancement Enhancement in Erbium Doped
Fiber Amplifiers by Bi Directional Pumping, Jose Miguel
Ezquerro, Sonia Melle, Oscar G. Calder髇, Fernando Carre駉,
Miguel A. Ant髇; Univ. Complutense de Madrid, Spain. We
experimentally analyze the fractional advancement of
amplitude modulated 1550 nm signals when propagating
through highly doped erbium fibers pumped at 980 nm in
different pump configurations.
JMB17
Controlling the Photonic Band Structure of Driven Color
Centers in Diamond, Jin Hui Wu1, Giuseppe C. La Rocca2,
Maurizio Artoni3; 1College of Physics, Jilin Univ., China, 2Scuola
Normale Superiore, Italy, 3European Lab for Nonlinear
Spectroscopy and Dept. of Physics and Chemistry of Materials,
Brescia Univ., Italy. Inhomogeneously broadened optical
transitions of nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond may be
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
employed to attain fully developed photonic band gap
structures. Reflectivities very close to unity and sufficiently
large bandwidths may be observed for realistic parameters.
JMB18
Slow Higher Order Optical Soliton in a Resonance
Photonic Crystal with Self Engineered Defect, Igor V.
Melʹnikov1, Anton N. Knigavko2; 1Optolink Ltd, Russian
Federation, 2High Q Labs, Inc, Canada. We demonstrate
previously unforeseen properties of stable propagation and
trapping of a higher order solitons of self induced
transparency which can be mediated by a superradiance
decay inside the resonance photonic crystal.
JMB19
Magnetically Induced Reduction of Energy Transport
Velocity in Magnetic Colloids, Rajesh J. Patel, Bhupendra N.
Chudasama, Nidhi M. Andhariya, R. V. Upadhyay, R. V. Mehta;
Bhavnagar Univ., India. Magnetically induced modulation of
refractive index and Mie resonance is employed to reduce
energy transport velocity of incident polarized light in
magnetic colloids. At a critical field complete halt of light is
observed.
JMB20
Electromagnetically Induced Transparency with a Standing
Drive Field in Rubidium D2 Line, XiaoGang Wei, Yi Chen,
KiYoung Cho, ByoungSeung Ham; Inha Univ., Republic of Korea.
We studied electromagnetically induced transparency in a
Rubidium D2 line with standing coupling fields and
demonstrated absorption grating control for both real levels
and crossover virtual levels.
JMB21
The Excitation Trapping in a Symmetrically Pumped DFB
Fiber Laser with a Variable Phase Shift, Igor V. Melʹnikov1,
Alexander V. Kirʹyanov1, M. V. Andr閟1, Anton Knigavko2;
1Optolink Ltd, Russian Federation, 2High Q Labs, Inc, Canada. We
study, both theoretically and experimentally, the generation
dynamics and light trapping in a distributed feedback fiber
(DFB) laser that is due to the phase shift introduced into the
fiber Bragg grating structure.
JMB22
N Type Atomic System in Hot Rubidium D2 Line, Yi Chen,
XiaoGang Wei, KiYoung Cho, ByoungSeung Ham; Inha Univ.,
Republic of Korea. We studied all four possible Nconfiguration
schemes in hot Rubidium 87 D2 line, by using
a second coupling field to couple the ground state of the
probe field with another excited state.
JMB23
Inversion of the Coupling Absorption at the Two Photon
Resonance in a Coupling Probe Spectroscopy Experiment,
Katrin Dahl1,2, Luca Spani Molella1,2, Rolf Hermann Rinkleff1,2,
Karsten Danzmann1,2; 1Albert Einstein Inst., Max Planck Inst. f黵
Gravitationsphysik, Germany, 2Inst. f黵 Gravitationsphysik,
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Univ. Hannover, Germany. Using
probe and coupling lasers, a system characterized by
electromagnetically induced absorption was investigated. A
switch of the EIA peak of the coupling laser to a dip was
measured as function of the laser intensities.
JMB24
Experimental Comparison between the Index of Refraction
in Strongly Driven and Degenerate Two Level Systems,
Rolf Hermann Rinkleff1,2, Luca Spani Molella1,2, Alessandra
Rocco2, Andreas Wicht2, Karsten Danzmann1,2; 1Inst. f黵
Gravitationsphysik, Leibniz Univ., Germany, 2Albert Einstein
Inst., Max Planck Inst. f黵 Gravitationsphysik, Germany.
Negative dispersion and transparency in a strongly driven
calcium two level system and positive dispersion and
transparency or anomalous dispersion and enhanced
absorption in closed degenerate two level systems in
caesium have been observed using pump probe
spectroscopy.
JMB25
Investigation of Quantum Coherent Control of Pulse
Propagation in a Cold Atomic Ensemble, Yan Xue, Byoung
Seung Ham; Ctr. for Photon Information Processing, Inha Univ.,
Republic of Korea. We present numerical calculations of slow
light propagation through a cold atomic ensemble and
discuss the followings: Bragg reflection, four wave mixing,
and temporal pulse splitting.
JMB26
Study of Fiber Ring Parameters and Their Effect on SBS
Based Slow Light in Fibers, Chung Yu1, Christopher K. Horne1,
YongKab Kim2; 1North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State
Univ., USA, 2Wonkwang Univ., Republic of Korea. The SBS
based fiber ring with orders of magnitude enhanced gain and
linewidth should be an ideal candidate as a fiber slow light
device. We have conducted a study with attempts for
optimum slow light.
JMB27
Chirped Quantum Cascade Laser Induced Transient Gain
in Strongly Absorbing Molecular Gases, Geoffrey Duxbury,
Nigel Langford, Kenneth G. Hay; Dept. of Physics, Univ. of
Strathclyde, UK. Using a mW power chirped pulse quantum
cascade laser propagating in a 60 m pathlength Herriott cell,
delayed rapid passage and transient gain signals have been
observed in the 8 micron spectrum of acetylene.
JMB28
Subluminal and Superluminal Propagation in Er3+ Doped
Fiber Bragg Grating, Z. C. Zhuo, Byoung S. Ham; Inha Univ.,
Republic of Korea. We present a method to achieve subluminal/
superluminal propagation in optical fiber Bragg grating
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
written in Er3+ doped optical fiber. The group velocity with
effects of modulation amplitude of the grating is discussed
JMB29
Slow Light in Distributed Feedback Laser for All Optical
Inverter, P. C. Peng1, F. M. Wu1, W. J. Jiang2, C. T. Lin2, J. H.
Chen2, P. T. Shih2, W. C. Kao2, S. Chi2,3; 1Natl. Chi Nan Univ.,
Taiwan, 2Natl. Chiao Tung Univ., Taiwan, 3Yuan Ze Univ.,
Taiwan. This work experimentally demonstrates slow light in
a distributed feedback laser for an all optical inverter. The
optical inverter operated with a binary phase shift keying
signal.
JMB30
Double Electromagnetically Induced Transparency Effect
in Multi Level Atomic Medium, Xiao Li, Yu Liu, Bin Luo,
Hong Guo; Peking Univ., China. We report the progress in our
research on the quantum coherence in multi level atomic
gases, especially the double electromagnetically induced
transparency effect in four level N type and tripod type
atomic medium.
JMB31
Tunable Phase Control of Coherent Population
Oscillations, Francisco Arrieta Y狁ez, Oscar G. Calder髇, Sonia
Melle, Fernando Carre駉, Miguel A. Ant髇; Univ. Complutense de
Madrid, Spain. We study the propagation of an amplitude
modulated 1550 nm signal along an EDF pumped with an
amplitude modulated 980 nm beam. A transition from superto
subluminal light depending on the phase between them is
observed.
JMB32
Effect of Ion Pairs in Fast Light Bandwidth in High
Concentration Erbium Doped Fibers, Oscar G. Calder髇,
Sonia Melle, Miguel A. Ant髇, Fernando Carre駉; Univ.
Complutense de Madrid, Spain. The effect of ion pairs in highconcentration
erbium doped fibers on slow and fast light
propagation enabled by coherent population oscillations at
room temperature has been experimentally investigated.
JMB33
Enhancement of Second Order Nonlinearity and Slow
Light Generation in an Er Doped Glass via
Electromagnetically Induced Transparency, Igor V.
Melʹnikov1, Anton N. Knigavko2; 1Optolink Ltd, Russian
Federation, 2High Q Labs, Inc, Canada. A combination of a fourlevel
electromagnetically induced transparency and secondorder
nonlinearity is shown to enhance profoundly the
efficiency of frequency conversion in an Er doped glass
owing to the pump pulse slowing down.
JMB1 JMB9 can be found in the COTA abstracts.
JMB34 JMB41, JMB81 can be found in the IPNRA abstracts.
JMB42 JMB88 can be found in the ICQI abstracts.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
?Tuesday, July 15 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:30 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
JTuA ?Joint Plenary Session II
Salon E
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
JTuA ?Joint Plenary Session II
8:00 a.m.
Slow Light Plenary
Electro Optic Modulation of Photons and Biphotons,
Stephen E. Harris; Stanford Univ., USA.
8:40 a.m.
ICQI Plenary
Entanglement, Information Processing and Decoherence in
Trapped Atomic Ions, David J. Wineland; NIST, USA.
9:20 a.m.
COTA Plenary
Coherence Cloning and Phase Controlled Apertures Using
Optical Phase Lock Loops, Amnon Yariv; Caltech, USA.
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
STuA ?Semiconductor Structures and CPO Effects
Salon G
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
STuA ?Semiconductor Structures and CPO Effects
Hailin Wang; Univ. of Oregon, USA, Presider
STuA1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Slow and Fast Light in THz Regime, Forrest G. Sedgwick;
Univ. of California at Berkeley, USA. A chirp and compensate
scheme is employed to increase the advance bandwidth
product of 400 fs pulses in a semiconductor optical amplifier
as well as to realize tunable delay, producing a record
temporal shift of 10.7 pulses.
STuA2 ?11:00 a.m. Invited
Mid Infrared Semiconductor Metamaterials, Claire Gmachl;
Princeton Univ., USA. We report on a new class of 3 D, thick,
broadband, n+ InGaAs/i AlInAs semiconductor
heterostructure metamaterials that employs a strongly
anisotropic dielectric function to achieve negative refraction
in the mid  and long wave infrared region of the spectrum.
STuA3 ?11:30 a.m.
Pulse Distortion Management Using the Pulse on
Background Method and Multiple Closely Spaced Gain
Lines in Slow/Fast Light Propagation, Heedeuk Shin, Zhimin
Shi, Aaron Schweinsberg, George Gehring, Robert W. Boyd;
Insitute of Optics, Univ. of Rochester, USA. We propose using
the pulse on background method and multiple gain lines to
reduce pulse distortion in slow/fast light pulse propagation
based on CPO and linear resonance system, respectively.
Both methods will be described in this work.
STuA4 ?11:45 a.m.
Electrically Tunable Fast Light of 86 fs Pulses in
Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers, Bala Pesala, Forrest G.
Sedgwick, Wai Son Ko, Connie Chang Hasnain; Univ. of
California at Berkeley, USA. Large tunable advance of 6.5
pulses is achieved for an 86 fs pulse using non linear
processes in SOAs. Pulse width dependence of fast light is
studied by gradually increasing the width to 1 ps.
STuA5 ?12:00 p.m.
Experimental Demonstration of Strongly Enhanced Light
Slow Down in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers by
Optical Filtering, Weiqi Xue1, Filip 謍man1, Yaohui Chen1,
Salvador Sales2, Jesper M鴕k1; 1Dept. of Photonics
Engineering,Technical Univ. of Denmark, Denmark, 2Inst. of
Telecommunications and Multimedia Applications, Univ.
Polit閏nica de Valencia, Spain. Optical filtering is shown to be a
powerful way of increasing light speed control in SOAs.
More than 120 degrees microwave phase shift over a
bandwidth close to 15GHz is achieved.
STuA6 ?12:15 p.m.
Slow and Fast Light in Liquid Crystal Light Valves,
Umberto Bortolozzo1, Stefania Residori1, Jean Pierre Huignard2;
1Inst. Non Lin閍ire de Nice, Univ. de Nice Sophia Antipolis, Ctr.
Natl. de la Res. Scientifique, France, 2Thales Res. and Technology,
France. We show that fast and slow light result from nondegenerate
two wave mixing in a liquid crystal light valve.
The large response time of the liquid crystals allows
obtaining group velocities as slow as 0.13 mm/s.
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
STuB ?Gratings and Coupled Resonators
Salon G
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
STuB ?Gratings and Coupled Resonators
Michal Lipson; Cornell Univ., USA, Presider
STuB1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
Grating Induced Transparency (GIT) and the Dark Mode
in Optical Waveguides, Amnon Yariv, Hsi Chun Liu; Caltech,
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
USA. We describe a new type of propagating optical mode in
a bi perodic wavegide. It possesses a Dark Mode in formal
analogy to the Dark atomic state involved in EIT. It displays
transparency and slow light behavior free from the
bandwidth delay product constraint.
STuB2 ?2:30 p.m. Invited
1 Byte Reconfigurable Integrated Optic Delay Line, Andrea
Melloni; DEI, Italy. We experimentally demonstrated a
continuously variable delay from 0 to 8bits with ps
resolution with 8 coupled resonators at 10 and 25Gbit/s. The
on chip footprint is 7mm2 and the fractional loss is smaller
than 1dB/bit.
STuB3 ?3:00 p.m.
Capturing Light Pulses Completely Using a Few Dynamic
Microcavities, Clayton R. Otey, M. L. Povinelli, Shanhui Fan;
Stanford Univ., USA. We use temporal coupled mode theory
to describe a dynamic microcavity system capable of
completely capturing light pulses in a pair of cavities with
negligible reflection.
STuB4 ?3:15 p.m.
Phase Disorder in Coupled Resonator Optical Waveguides,
Carlo Ferrari, Francesco Morichetti, Andrea Melloni; Politecnico di
Milano, Italy. The effects of phase disorder in coupled ringresonator
optical waveguides are theoretically predicted and
experimentally observed. The thermal control of the rings?br> resonances is exploited to measure the back reflection of the
structure for different disorder degrees.
STuB5 ?3:30 p.m.
Analysis of CROW, SCISSOR and REMZI Architectures in
the Slow Light Regime, Vishnupriya Govindan, Steve Blair;
Univ. of Utah, USA. Under the constraint of fixed pulse
distortion, REMZI architecture has the highest bandwidthdelay
product compared to SCISSOR and CROW. Nonlinear
response of CROW fails to improve with increasing number
of resonators, but inter pulse interaction decreases.
STuB6 ?3:45 p.m.
Control of the Group Velocity of Light in Erbium Doped
Fibers Via the Modulation Frequency, Sonia Melle, Oscar G.
Calder髇, Eduardo Cabrera Granado, Miguel A. Ant髇, Fernando
Carre駉; Univ. Complutense de Madrid, Spain. We report a
change from sub  to super luminal propagation solely upon
increasing the modulation frequency of an amplitudemodulated
1550 nm signal when propagating through
highly doped erbium fibers pumped at 980 nm.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
STuC ?Slow Light in Optical Fibers
Salon G
4:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
STuC ?Slow Light in Optical Fibers
Jose Capmany; Univ. Politecnica de Valencia, Spain, Presider
STuC1 ?4:30 p.m. Invited
Slow Light Based on Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: New
Possibilities and Open Questions, Miguel Gonzalez Herraez;
Dept. of Electronics, Univ. of Alcala, Spain. Slow light based on
stimulated Brillouin scattering offers new capabilities that
are unique to this interaction. These capabilities are
reviewed, and the limits and potential applications of this
technique are analyzed.
STuC2 ?5:00 p.m. Invited
Using Nonuniform Fiber to Generate Slow Light via
Stimulated Brillouin Scattering, Xiaoyi Bao; Univ. of Ottawa,
Canada. The pulse delay based on stimulated Brillouin
scattering in a nonuniform dispersion decreasing fiber (DDF)
is demonstrated. The pulse delay of more than one bit with
small distortion is observed for 2ns pulse using DDF.
STuC3 ?5:30 p.m.
Observation of Large 8 Gb/s SBS Slow Light Delay with
Low Distortion Using an Optimized Gain Profile, Eduardo
Cabrera Granado1, Daniel J. Gauthier1, Oscar G. Calder髇2, Sonia
Melle2; 1Duke Univ., USA, 2Escuela Univ. de 觩tica, Spain. We
obtain over 3 pulse widths SBS slow light delay for an input
pulse width of 125 ps. By optimizing the gain profile, the
output to input pulse width ratio is less than 2.
STuC4 ?5:45 p.m.
Delay Limits of SBS Based Slow Light, Thomas Schneider,
Ronny Henker, Kai Uwe Lauterbach, Markus Junker; Hochschule
f黵 Telekommunikation, Leipzig, Germany. We discuss the
maximum time delay of slow light systems. As we will show,
the maximum time delay can be enhanced from 2 to around
10 times if a gain is superimposed with two losses.
STuC5 ?6:00 p.m.
Self Pumped Optical Delay Line Based on Brillouin Fast
Light in Optical Fibers, Luc Thevenaz, Sanghoon Chin; EPFL
Swiss Federal Inst. of Technology, Switzerland. An extremely
simple technique is demonstrated to realize tunable delays in
optical fibers controlled by the signal average power. The
system self adapts in real time to the Brillouin fiber
properties and to the signal bandwidth.
STuC6 ?6:15 p.m.
Slow Light in Spun Fiber Optical Parametric
Amplification, Marco Santagiustina, Luca Schenato, Carlo G.
Someda; Dept. of Information Engineering, Univ. of Padova, Italy.
The random birefringence mitigation effect in spun fibers is
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
theoretically and numerically studied for slow and fast light
applications in narrow band optical parametric
amplification. Enhanced performances are demonstrated and
explained.
Salon F
6:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Conference Reception
NOTES
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
?Wednesday, July 16 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:30 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
SWA ?Fundamental Limitations and New Applications
Salon G
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
SWA ?Fundamental Limitations and New Applications
Shun L. Chuang; Univ. of Illinois, USA, Presider
SWA1 ?8:00 a.m. Invited
Loss, Noise, Power Dissipation: How They Affect
Performance of Slow Light Devices, Jacob B. Khurgin; Johns
Hopkins Univ., USA. Performance of diverse slow light
schemes is analyzed from the vantage point of signal to noise
ratio, dynamic range, and power dissipation. Applications
that can be most positively affected by using slow light are
identified.
SWA2 ?8:30 a.m. Invited
Fundamental Limits in Linear One Dimensional Slow
Light Structures, David A. B. Miller; Stanford Univ., USA. An
upper limit can be deduced for the number of bits of delay,
depending only on the materials used and independent of
detailed design. The proof and applications of this limit will
be discussed.
SWA3 ?9:00 a.m.
Enhancement of the Spectral Performance of
Interferometers Using Slow Light under Practical
Conditions, Zhimin Shi, Robert W. Boyd; Inst. of Optics, Univ.
of Rochester, USA. We investigate how slow light can enhance
the performance of various types of spectroscopic
interferometers, and how the performance is influenced by
the associated gain/absorption and by the group index
dispersion of the slow light medium.
SWA4 ?9:15 a.m.
Superluminal Pulse Propagation on a Silicon Chip,
Sasikanth Manipatruni, Po Dong, Qianfan Xu, Michal Lipson;
Cornell Univ., USA. We demonstrate superluminal pulse
propagation on a silicon chip using an all optical analog to
electromagnetically induced absorption created by the
coherent interaction between two micro resonators. We show
group indices tunable between  1158 and  312.
SWA5 ?9:30 a.m.
Information Theoretic Analysis of a Slow Light Channel,
Mark A. Neifeld, Myungjun Lee; Univ. of Arizona, USA. We
present a new formalism for the analysis of a slow light
channel, which enables natural information theoretic
definitions for delay and capacity. We apply this formalism
to a simple gain based delay system.
SWA6 ?9:45 a.m.
Controlling Light Propagation via Radiation Pressure and
Optomechanical Coupling, Olivier Arcizet, Albert Schliesser,
Tobias J. Kippenberg; Max Planck Inst. for Quantum Optics,
Germany. We experimentally demonstrate for the first time
the possibility of controlling the propagation properties of a
light pulse using cavity assisted radiation pressure coupling
to mechanical modes. Both pulse delay and advancement are
experimentally demonstrated.
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
SWB ?Metamaterials and Photonic Crystals
Salon G
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
SWB ?Metamaterials and Photonic Crystals
Luc Thevenaz; EPFL Swiss Federal Inst. of Technology,
Switzerland, Presider
SWB1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Broad Bandwidth Slow Light, Enabled by Surface
Plasmons and Polaritons, Marin Soljacic; MIT, USA. We
discuss a few different slow light systems, enabled by
polaritons and surface plasmons: slow light in resonant
photonic crystals, and small modal area surface plasmon
waveguides, with low group velocities over unusually large
bandwidths.
SWB2 ?11:00 a.m. Invited
Slow Light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides and Cavities,
Solomon Assefa, Fengnian Xia, William M. J. Green, Yurii Vlasov;
IBM TJ Watson Res. Ctr., USA. Coupling losses and highorder
dispersion in the slow light regime of photonic crystal
(PhC) waveguides are investigated by utilizing an integrated
Mach Zehnder interferometer. Furthermore, PhC cavities
coupled to photonic wires through surface states are
experimentally characterized.
SWB3 ?11:30 a.m.
Enhanced Slow Light in Quantum Dot Photonic Crystal
Waveguides, Torben R. Nielsen, Andrei Lavrinenko, Jesper M鴕k;
Dept. of Photonics Engineering, Technical Univ. of Denmark,
Denmark. We present a theoretical analysis of pulse
propagation in a quantum dot semiconductor photonic
crystal waveguide in the regime of electromagnetically
induced transparency. The slow down factor for the
combined system is determined.
SWB4 ?11:45 a.m.
Negative Group Velocity: Is It a Negative Index Material or
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Fast Light? Eyal Feigenbaum, Noam Kaminski, Meir Orenstein;
Technion, Israel. When negative slop of the dispersion curve is
encountered, the propagating light may be either 揻ast light?br> or 揵ackward propagating.?We show that the same
photonic (plasmonic) system can support both these disjoint
solutions.
SWB5 ?12:00 p.m.
Energy Velocity in Negative Group Index Structures,
Weiguo Yang1, John O. Schenk2, Michael A. Fiddy2; 1Western
Carolina Univ., USA, 2Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA.
Energy velocity in negative group index structures is
investigated. It is shown that the negative group index
phenomenon is an exhibition of effective negative index ofrefraction
while the group velocity still equals the energy
velocity.
SWB6 ?12:15 p.m.
Lossless Negative Refraction in an Active Gas of Atoms,
J鰎g Evers, Peter P. Orth, Christoph H. Keitel; Max Planck Inst.
f黵 Kernphysik, Germany. Lossless negative refraction in an
active dense gas of atoms is predicted. A weak incoherent
pumping field renders the gas active, enabling a qualitatively
new parameter range not accessible with current devices.
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
SWC 昉hotonic Crystals
Salon G
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
SWC 昉hotonic Crystals
Marin Soljacic; MIT, USA, Presider
SWC1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
Slow Light Media Based on Ultrahigh Q Nanocavities,
Masaya Notomi, T. Tanabe, E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama; NTT
Basic Res. Labs, Japan. In this study, we apply ultrahigh Q (>1
million) nanocavities in silicon photonic crystals for
slowlight application. We have observed the group velocity
down to c/50,000 and succeeded in cascading N>100
ultrahigh Q cavities in series.
SWC2 ?2:30 p.m. Invited
Impact of Nonlinearity and Disorder on Slow Modes in
Membrane Photonic Crystals, Alfredo Rossi; Thales Res. and
Technology, France. Disorder induced scattering is crucial for
understanding slow light in Photonic Crystal. We investigate
dispersion and scattering losses on PhC structures with
tailored dispersion and discuss their potential for delay
control and all optical switching.
SWC3 ?3:00 p.m.
100 Gbit/s / 1 V Optical Modulator with Slotted Slow Light
Polymer Infiltrated Silicon Photonic Crystal, Jan M. Brosi1,
Christian Koos1, Lucio C. Andreani2, Pieter Dumon3, Roel Baets3,
Juerg Leuthold1, Wolfgang Freude1; 1Inst. of High Frequency and
Quantum Electronics, Univ. of Karlsruhe, Germany, 2Dept. of
Physics ʺA. Voltaʺ, Univ. of Pavia, Italy, 3Ghent Univ., Belgium.
An optical modulator with 78 GHz bandwidth, 1 V drive
voltage and 80 μm length is proposed, allowing 100 Gbit/s
transmission. Design, modulator performance parameters
and measurements of the slow light photonic crystal
waveguide are discussed.
SWC4 ?3:15 p.m.
Systematic Design of Broadband Slow Light Photonic
Crystal Waveguides, Thomas P. White1, Juntao Li2, Liam
OʹFaolain1, Thomas F. Krauss1; 1Univ. of St. Andrews, UK, 2Sun
Yat sen Univ., China. We present a systematic design
approach for broadband slow light photonic crystal
waveguides. Precise control of group velocities between c/30
and c/90 is possible while maintaining an almost constant
group index bandwidth product.
SWC5 ?3:30 p.m.
Slow Light Enhanced Second Harmonic Generation in a
Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal, Rumen Iliew1, Christoph
Etrich2, Thomas Pertsch2, Falk Lederer1; 1Inst. f黵 Festk鰎pertheorie
und  optik, Friedrich Schiller Univ. Jena, Germany, 2Inst. f黵
Angewandte Physik/ultra optics, Friedrich Schiller Univ. Jena,
Germany. We obtain greatly enhanced conversion efficiencies
of second harmonic generation by achieving small group
velocity at phasematch in a two dimensional quadratically
nonlinear photonic crystal. The theoretically proposed
efficiency is confirmed with rigorous finite difference timedomain
calculations.
SWC6 ?3:45 p.m.
Revisiting Photon Tunneling through Finite 1 D Dielectric
Photonic Crystals, Daniel R. Solli1, James J. Morehead2, Colin F.
McCormick3, Jandir M. Hickmann4; 1Univ. of California at Los
Angeles, USA, 2JDSU, USA, 3U.S. House of Representatives
Committee on Science and Technology, USA, 4Optics and
Materials Group, Optma Inst. de F韘ica, Univ. Federal de Alagoas,
Brazil. We re examine the propagation of light in the band
gaps of 1 D dielectric photonic crystals comparing with the
evanescent solutions of matter waves in classically forbidden
potentials and determining similarities and differences.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
SWD ?Slow Light in Atomic Vapors
Salon G
4:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
SWD ?Slow Light in Atomic Vapors
Daniel Gauthier; Duke Univ., USA, Presider
SWD1 ?4:30 p.m. Invited
Ultralong Tunable Delays, Alexander Gaeta; Cornell Univ.,
USA. We describe review our recent work on all optical
techniques for producing tunable delays as large as 100 ns in
optical waveguides.
SWD2 ?5:00 p.m.
Diffusion of Slow Light in Thermal Vapor, Ofer
Firstenberg1, Moshe Shuker1, Rami Pugatch2, Donald R. Fredkin3,
Nir Davidson2, Amiram Ron1; 1Dept. of Physics, Technion Israel
Inst. of Technology, Israel, 2Dept. of Physics of Complex Systems,
Weizmann Inst. of Science, Israel, 3Dept. of Physics, Univ. of
California, USA. We study the effect of thermal motion on
slow light with electromagnetically induced transparency.
By incorporating the atomic motion into the Maxwell Bloch
equations, we find a transmission filter that leads to
diffusion like behavior of the fieldʹs envelope.
SWD3 ?5:15 p.m.
Slowing and Storing Images in Atomic Vapor, Moshe
Shuker1, Ofer Firstenberg1, Rami Pugatch2, Amiram Ron1, Nir
Davidson2; 1Technion Israel Inst. of Technology, Israel, 2Weizmann
Inst. of Science, Israel. We study slowing and storage of threedimensional
light fields in atomic vapor. We demonstrate a
technique which reduces the effect of diffusion on the storage
fidelity and prove that the phase pattern was also
maintained.
SWD4 ?5:30 p.m.
Storage and Retrieval of Images in Hot Atomic Rubidium
Vapor, Praveen K. Vudyasetu, Ryan M. Camacho, John C.
Howell; Univ. of Rochester, USA. We demonstrate four wave
mixing and electromagnetically induced transparency
mediated storage of multimode transverse images carried by
optical pulses in hot atomic Rubidium vapor and show that
the images retrieved are robust to diffusion.
SWD5 ?5:45 p.m.
Four Wave Mixing Based Stopped Light in Optically Thick
Hot Rubidium Vapor, Ryan M. Camacho, Praveen K.
Vudyasetu, John C. Howell; Univ. of Rochester, USA. We discuss
stored light in warm Rubidium vapor. Mediated by FWM,
the idler pulses are spontaneously generated in the medium,
and then stored and retrieved simultaneously with the signal
pulses.
NOTES
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Integrated Photonics and Nanophotonics Research and Applications (IPNRA)
Abstracts
?Sunday, July 13 ?br> Atrium Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
?Monday, July 14 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:00 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
JMA ?Joint Plenary Session I
Salon E
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
JMA ?Joint Plenary Session I
8:00 a.m.
Opening Remarks, Conference Chairs (COTA, Slow Light, and ICQI).
8:15 a.m.
ICQI Plenary
Photonic Entanglement in Quantum Communication and Quantum Computation, Anton Zeilinger; Univ. Wien, Austria.
9:00 a.m.
Opening Remarks, Conference Chair (IPNRA).
9:05 a.m.
IPNRA Plenary
The Intimate Merger of Photonics and Computing, Ashok V. Krishnamoorthy, SUN Microsystems, USA.
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
Salon E
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
IMA ?Transmitters and Other Devices
Maura Raburn; Infinera Corp., USA, Presider
IMA1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Compact Advanced Modulation Format InP Modulators and
Receivers, Chris Doerr; Bell Labs, Alcatel Lucent, USA. We present
recent work on high speed monolithic InP devices for advanced
modulation formats, including optical differential quadrature
phase shift keying, optical quadrature amplitude modulation,
and optical polarization division multiplexing.
Salons A/B
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
IMB ?Plasmonic Structures
Thomas J. Suleski; Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA,
Presider
IMB1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Plasmonic Waveguide Devices and Networks, Harry Atwater;
Caltech, USA. No abstract available.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
IMA2 ?11:00 a.m.
Widely Tunable 40 Gbps Transmitter Utilizing a High
Impedance Traveling Wave EAM and SG DBR Laser, Matthew
M. Dummer, Jonathan Klamkin, John P. Mack, Larry A. Coldren;
Univ. of California at Santa Barbara, USA. A tunable transmitter
featuring an SG DBR laser is integrated with an undercutetched,
high impedance traveling wave EAM. This device
demonstrates 40 Gbps operation with >8.5 dB extinction over 25
nm tuning with 2.1 V drive.
IMA3 ?11:15 a.m.
Semiconductor Two Photon Laser: Ultra Short Pulses and
Wide Tuneability, Noam Kaminski, Alex Hayat, Pavel Ginzburg,
Meir Orenstein; Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Technion, Israel.
Nonlinear two photon gain in semiconductor is shown to
compress pulses from hundreds of femto seconds down to
several optical cycles. Contentious wave two photon laser
central wavelength can be adjusted over an ultra wide spectrum
by tuneable cavities.
IMA4 ?11:30 a.m. Invited
InP Mach Zehnder Modulators for Advanced Modulation
Formats, Nobuhiro Kikuchi; NTT Basic Res., Japan. We have
developed InP based Mach Zehnder modulators suitable for
advanced modulation formats. We confirmed 40 Gbit/s NRZ
signal generation and a 220 km 10 Gbit/s optical duobinary
transmission. We also demonstrated a DQPSK modulator
operating at 80 Gbit/s.
IMA5 ?12:00 p.m.
Mach Zehnder Interferometer Based on Collimation Effect of
Photonic Crystal, Hoang Nguyen, Sven Rogge, Jaap Caro, Emile van
der Drift, Huub Salemink; Kavli Inst. of Nanoscience, Delft Univ. of
Tech., Netherlands. A Mach Zehnder interferometer based on
photonic crystal is designed utilizing collimation effect and line
defects with the aim to realize a switchable band pass filter for
optical telecommunication. The fabrication contains e beam
lithography and plasma etching.
IMA6 ?12:15 p.m.
Compact 1? Mode Conversion Type Optical Coupler with a
Low Interchannel Imbalance for Monolithically Integrated
SOA Gate Switch, Seok Hwan Jeong, Shinsuke Tanaka, Susumu
Salons A/B
IMB2 ?11:00 a.m.
Novel Discrete Modes in Highly Asymmetrical Plasmonic
Waveguides, Nikolai Berkovitch, Meir Orenstein, Stephen G.
Lipson; Technion, Israel. Highly asymmetrical plasmonic
waveguides exhibit guiding in dimensions below the expected
cutoff. A new family of discrete guided modes of asymmetrical
waveguides with losses is found which assists in nano
plasmonic guiding.
IMB3 ?11:15 a.m.
Supermodes of Plasmonic Wedges in Structured Waveguides,
David Arbel, Meir Orenstein; Technion, Israel. In many plasmonic
waveguides, modes are determined by the complex coupling of
wedges within the structure. We examine systematically the
mode stemming from wedge coupling and subsequently
validate experimentally the generation of such modes.
IMB4 ?11:30 a.m.
Photonic Integration with Dielectric Loaded SPP Waveguides,
Alexey V. Krasavin1, Padraig M. Bolger1, Anatoly V. Zayats1, Tobias
Holmgaard2, Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi2, Laurent Markey3, Alain Dereux3;
1Queenʹs Univ. of Belfast, UK, 2Aalborg Univ., Denmark, 3Univ. de
Bourgogne, France. We present full 3 D numerical modelling as
well as experimental demonstration of highly efficient and
compact integrated photonic circuit components based on
dielectric loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides.
IMB5 ?11:45 a.m. Invited
Plasmonic Components and Devices, Olivier J. F. Martin; Swiss
Federal Inst. of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland. Different
plasmonic components are investigated numerically and
experimentally: strip waveguides, V groove waveguides and
plasmonic antennas. Emphasis is put both on the modelling
requirements and on practical applications in optical signal
processing and biosensing.
IMB6 ?12:15 p.m.
Study of the Sidelobe Suppression in a Plasmon Waveguide
Grating Filter Using the LOD FDTD Method, Jun Shibayama,
Akifumi Nomura, Ryo Takahashi, Junji Yamauchi, Hisamatsu
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
Yamazaki, Shuichi Tomabechi, Ayahito Uetake, Mitsuru Ekawa, Ken
Morito; Fujitsu Ltd., Japan. We designed a 1? mode conversiontype
optical coupler and experimentally demonstrated that the
monolithically integrated SOA gate switch that uses it has low
interchannel gain imbalance (<1.8 dB) and a high fiber to fiber
gain (>14.5 dB).
Salons A/B
Nakano; Faculty of Engineerring, Hosei Univ., Japan. A plasmon
waveguide filter with an apodized grating is numerically
investigated to suppress sidelobes in the transmission spectrum
using the unconditionally stable finite difference time domain
method based on the locally one dimensional scheme.
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
IMC ?Active Silicon Devices
Diana Huffaker; Ctr. for High Technology Materials, USA, Presider
IMC1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
III V/Silicon Photonics: Technology and Integrated Devices,
Gunther Roelkens, Liu Liu, Joost Brouckaert, Joris Van Campenhout,
Frederik Van Laere, Dries Van Thourhout, Roel Baets; IMEC  Ghent
Univ., Belgium. III V/Silicon photonics comprises the
heterogeneous integration of a III V layer on top of an SOI
waveguide circuit. We elaborate on the bonding technology
used and on the fabrication of III V/Silicon integrated circuits.
IMC2 ?2:30 p.m.
Integrated GeSi Electro Absorption Modulators on SOI, Jifeng
Liu1, Sarah Bernardis1, Jing Cheng1, Rong Sun1, Mark Beals1, Lionel
C. Kimerling1, Jurgen Michel1, Andrew T. Pomerene2; 1MIT, USA,
2BAE Systems, Semiconductor Technology Ctr., USA. We
demonstrate 1.2 GHz waveguide integrated GeSi electroabsorption
modulators on SOI platform with an extinction ratio
of >7 dB over a broad wavelength range of 1510 1552 nm and an
ultralow energy consumption of 50 fJ/bit.
IMC3 ?2:45 p.m.
CMOS Compatible Wideband Silicon Modulator, Steven J.
Spector1, Michael W. Geis1, Gui Rong Zhou2, Matt E. Grein1, Robert
T. Schulein1, Fuwan Gan2, Mios A. Popovic2, Jung U. Yoon1, Donna
M. Lennon1, Erich P. Ippen2, Franz X. Kaertner2, Theodore M.
Lyszczarz1; 1MIT Lincoln Lab, USA, 2MIT, USA. A Mach Zehnder
based silicon optical modulator has been demonstrated with a
bandwidth of 26 GHz and a VπL of 2 V∙cm. The design of this
modulator does not require an epitaxial overgrowth.
IMC4 ?3:00 p.m.
High Speed Large Area Ge on Si Photodetectors, Jing Cheng,
Wojciech Giziewicz, Jifeng Liu, Ching Yin Hong, Lionel C. Kimerling,
Jurgen Michel; MIT, USA. We design and demonstrate GHz large
area lateral Ge on Si p i n photodetectors with a significant
bandwidth improvement over vertical junction devices of the
same area for direct coupling with >100μm diameter polymer
optical fibers.
12:30 p.m.?:00 pm.
Lunch Break
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
IMD ?Photonic Crystal Cavities and Waveguides
Richard Osgood; Columbia Univ., USA, Presider
IMD1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
Nonlinear Switching in High Q Photonic Crystal
Nanocavities, Takasumi Tanabe, Akihiko Shinya, Eiichi Kuramochi,
Masaya Notomi; NTT Basic Res. Labs, NTT Corp., Japan. All optical
switching is achieved at an extremely low energy by using
silicon photonic crystal nanocavities with a large Q/V. They
present the possibility of fabricating all optical photonic
integrated logic gates on a chip.
IMD2 ?2:30 p.m.
Slotted Photonic Crystal Waveguides and Cavities, Andrea Di
Falco, Liam Oʹ Faolain, Thomas F. Krauss; School of Physics and
Astronomy, UK. We demonstrate experimentally slow light
factor in excess of 100 and spatio temporal confinement with
quality factor up to Q=7000 in suspended slotted photonic
crystal waveguides and cavities, where light is confined in
extremely small air volumes.
IMD3 ?2:45 p.m.
Advancing the Performance of One Dimensional Photonic
Crystal/Photonic Wire Micro Cavities in Silicon on Insulator,
Ahmad Rifqi Md Zain, Marc Sorel, Richard De La Rue; Univ. of
Glasgow, UK. We present new results that demonstrate advances
in the performance achievable in photonic crystal/photonic wire
micro cavities. In one example, a quality factor value as high as
147,000 has been achieved experimentally at a useful
transmission level.
IMD4 ?3:00 p.m.
Investigation on High Quality Factor 12 Fold Quasi Photonic
Crystal Microcavities with Different Central Post Sizes, Tsan
Wen Lu, Chung Chuan Tseng, Yi Yu Tsai, Po Tsung Lee; Dept. of
Photonics and Inst. of Electro Optical Engineering, Taiwan. We
investigate the variations of modal properties of 12 fold quasiphotonic
crystal microcavities sustaining whispering gallery
(WG) mode with different central post sizes. WG mode lasing
action with quality factor of 8,400 and 420nm post is achieved.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
IMC5 ?3:15 p.m.
Band Engineered Ge as Gain Medium for Si Based Laser,
Xiaochen Sun1, Jifeng Liu1, Lionel C. Kimerling1, Jurgen Michel1,
Thomas L. Koch2; 1MIT, USA, 2Lehigh Univ., USA. Optical gain
and net material gain via direct bandgap transition at around
1550nm of the tensile strain band engineered n type Ge has
been analyzed. Photoluminescence spectra measured at room
temperature confirm the theoretical predictions.
IMC6 ?3:30 p.m.
Design of Ultra Small Polarization Splitter Based on Silicon
Wire Waveguides, Masaaki Komatsu, Kunimasa Saitoh, Kuniaki
Kakihara, Masanori Koshiba; Hokkaido Univ., Japan. We propose a
novel design of ultra small polarization splitter based on silicon
wire waveguides. Numerical simulations show that a 12 μmlong
polarization splitter with the extinction ratio better than  20
dB in entire C band is achievable.
IMC7 ?3:45 p.m.
Dispersion Engineering in Silicon Photonic Wires Using Thin
Si3N4 Conformal Dielectric Coating, Xiaoping Liu1, William M. J.
Green2, I Wei Hsieh1, Jerry I. Dadap1, Yurii A. Vlasov2, Richard M.
Osgood, Jr.1; 1Columbia Univ., USA, 2IBM T.J. Watson Res. Ctr.,
USA. We investigate numerically dispersion engineering in
silicon photonic wires using conformal Si3N4 coatings. We
analyze the impact of coating thickness upon the groupvelocity
dispersion and effective waveguide nonlinearity, and
show broadband four wave mixing gain in engineered
waveguides.
Salons A/B
IMD5 ?3:15 p.m.
Ultra High Quality Factor Silicon Nitride Planar Microdisk
Resonators for Integrated Photonics in the Visible Range,
Ehsan Shah Hosseini, Siva Yegnanarayanan, Ali Adibi; Georgia Tech,
USA. Ultra high quality (>5x106) microdisk resonators are
demonstrated in a Si3N4 platform at 655nm with integrated inplane
coupling waveguides on a Si substrate. Critical coupling
to first order radial mode is demonstrated using pedestal layer
to control coupling.
IMD6 ?3:30 p.m. Invited
Multiscale Fabrication and Properties of Photonic
Nanostructures, Teri Odom; Northwestern Univ., USA. This paper
describes how soft interference lithography, a multiscale
patterning technique, can generate new types of plasmonic
structures with unexpected optical properties. Theoretical
modeling of these photonic metal nanostructures is in excellent
agreement with experiment.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
4:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
IME ?Silicon Photonic Components
Steven Spector; MIT, USA, Presider
IME1 ?4:30 p.m. Invited
Si Photonics Integrated Circuits: Path to Commercial Reality,
Mehdi Asghari; Kotura, Inc., USA. An assessment of key technical
challenges and benefits associated with commercial realization
of Si Photonics Integrated Circuits is provided with a review of
conflicting needs associated with its implementation in telecom,
data com and interconnect applications.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
4:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
IMF ?Nanophotonic Structures
Richard DelaRue; Univ. of Glasgow, UK, Presider
IMF1 ?4:30 p.m.
An Efficient Method for Analyzing Two Dimensional
Photonic Crystal Devices, Zhen Hu1,2,3, Ya Yan Lu1; 1City Univ. of
Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 2Joint Advanced Res. Ctr., Univ. of Science
and Technology of China and City Univ., China, 3Univ. of Science and
Technology of China, China. For 2 D photonic crystal devices, an
improved Dirichlet to Neumann map method is developed by
incorporating an operator marching scheme to reduce memory
requirement and the Bloch mode expansion technique for
structures with partial periodicity.
IMF2 ?4:45 p.m. Invited
Micro  and Nano Optical Modeling of Organic LED, Norbert
Danz, Michael Fl鋗mich, Dirk Michaelis, Christoph A. W鋍hter;
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
IME2 ?5:00 p.m. Invited
Rethinking Photonics Design and Manufacture: Offshoring,
Material Platforms and the Future of Integration, Erica Fuchs;
Carnegie Mellon Univ., USA. No abstract available.
IME3 ?5:30 p.m.
High Efficiency SOI Fiber to Waveguide Grating Couplers
Fabricated Using CMOS Technology, Gunther Roelkens1, Diedrik
Vermeulen1, Dries Van Thourhout1, Roel Baets1, Stephane Brision2,
Philippe Lyan2, Pauline Gautier2, Jean Marc Fedeli2; 1Ghent Univ.,
Belgium, 2CEA/LETI MINATEC, France.  2.6dB coupling
efficiency between a silicon on insulator waveguide circuit and
a single mode optical fiber was obtained, based on a grating
coupling structure fabricated in a CMOS line. The  1dB optical
bandwidth is 50nm.
IME4 ?5:45 p.m.
Implementation of Silicon Microphotonic Devices in a
Geographically Distributed Fiber Optic Network, J. T.
Robinson1, J. D. Marconi2, N. Sherwood Droz1, A. Cerqueira, Jr.2,
Hugo H. Figueroa2, H. L. Fragnito2, Michal Lipson1; 1Electrical and
Computer Engineering Dept., Cornell Univ., USA, 2Optics and
Photonics Res. Ctr., Unicamp, IFGW, Brazil. We experimentally
investigate the performance of silicon microphotonic devices for
filtering 10Gb/s data sent through a 40km fiber path from a real
geographically distributed fiber optic network.
IME5 ?6:00 p.m.
Wide Temperature Range Operation of Resonant Silicon
Electro Optic Modulators, Sasikanth Manipatruni, Rajeev
Dokania, Bradley Schmidt, Jagat Shakya, Alyssa Apsel, Michal
Lipson; Cornell Univ., USA. We demonstrate wide temperature
range operation of a micron size high speed silicon electrooptic
modulator over a temperature range of 15 K. We show that
modulation can be maintained by varying the bias current to
counter temperature changes.
Salons A/B
Fraunhofer Inst. f黵 Angewandte Optik und Feinmechanik, Germany.
The optical performance of organic LED can be optimized by
using diffractive and/or refractive structures. Simulation of such
complex systems requires mixed modeling of the emission from
thin film stacks, diffractive, and refractive elements.
IMF3 ?5:15 p.m.
Analyzing Second Harmonic Generation in Photonic Crystals
by Dirichlet to Neumann Maps, Lijun Yuan, Ya Yan Lu; City
Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. A numerical method is
developed for analyzing second harmonic generation in 2 D
photonic crystals. The method makes use of the DtN maps of
the unit cells to significantly reduce the total number of
unknowns.
IMF4 ?5:30 p.m.
Construction of Band Edge Diagrams for 2 D Photonic
Crystals with Arbitrary 3 D Anisotropy by the Finite Element
Method, Sen ming Hsu, Hung chun Chang; Natl. Taiwan Univ.,
Taiwan. A full vectorial finite element method based eigenvalue
algorithm is developed for the band structure analysis of twodimensional
photonic crystals with arbitrary three dimensional
anisotropy under the out of plane wave propagation. The band
edge diagram is then constructed.
IMF5 ?5:45 p.m. Invited
Flexible Modelling Approaches for Nanophotonics, Phillip
Sewell, Trevor M. Benson, Ana Vukovic; Univ. of Nottingham, UK.
We discuss challenges facing designers of photonics simulation
software. Flexibility, accuracy and scale are still the principal
drivers for research. We consider the role of numerical schemes
today and in the context of future generalized optimizations.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
IME6 ?6:15 p.m.
Ultrashort Polarization Splitter Using Silicon Photonic Wires,
Byung Ki Yang, Sang Yung Shin, Daming Zhang; KAIST, Republic
of Korea. An ultrashort polarization splitter based on the zerogap
directional coupler is proposed and realized. Its interference
section is 8.8 μm long. The extinction ratio for both TE  and TMlike
polarizations is 16 dB.
Salons A/B
IMF6 ?6:15 p.m.
The Influence of Au Nanoparticles on the Electronic and
Thermo Optical Nonlinearities of a Colloidal System, Rog閞io
Souza1, M醨cio A R C Alencar2, Eid C. da Silva3, M醨io R.
Meneghetti3, Jandir M. Hickmann2; 1CEFET AL, Brazil, 2Optics and
Materials Group   Optma, Inst. de F韘ica, Univ. Federal de Alagoas,
Brazil, 3Inst. de Qu韒ica e Biotecnologia, Univ. Federal de Alagoas,
Brazil. The influence of gold nanoparticles on the thermo optical
and electronic optical properties of a highly stable
biocompatible colloid was investigated. The results indicate that
local and nonlocal optical properties can be engineered in
nanostructured systems.
JMB ?Joint Poster Session
Salon F
6:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
JMB ?Joint Poster Session
JMB34
Feasibility of a Silicon Based Guided Wave Optical Microphone, Masashi Ohkawa, Manabu Hayashi, Hiroyuki Nikkuni, Noriyuki
Watanabe, Takashi Sato; Niigata Univ., Japan. Feasibility of a silicon based guided wave optical microphone was examined in this
study. The fabricated microphone has a 10mm?0mm?0μm diaphragm and single mode waveguides on the diaphragm. The
microphone successfully detected sound pressure of 80dB SPL at 1kHz.
JMB35
Chirped Multilayer Mirror Based on Silicon Nitride (Si3N4) with Air Gap Interlayers, Igor A. Sukhoivanov1, Oleksiy V. Shulika2,
Sergii O. Yakushev2, Sergey I. Petrov2, Volodymyr V. Lysak3; 1Univ. of Guanajuato, Mexico, 2Kharkov Natl. Univ. of Radio Electronics,
Ukraine, 3Gwangju Inst. of Science and Technology, Republic of Korea. Chirped multilayer mirror based on silicon nitride with air gap
interlayers is proposed and designed. The mirror provides high reflectivity and good dispersion properties in the range 400 1200
nm supporting the few cycle pulses processing.
JMB36
Color Filter Based on a Subwavelength Silicon Grating, Yeo Taek Yoon1, Hong Shik Lee1, Sang Shin Lee1, Sang Hoon Kim2, Ki Dong
Lee2; 1Kwangwoon Univ., Republic of Korea, 2LG Electronics Inst. of Technology, Republic of Korea. A color filter using a subwavelength
grating in silicon was realized with the laser interference lithography technique. The device worked as a blue filter centered at 460
nm with 90 nm bandwidth and 40% transmission.
JMB37
Synthetic Opal Matrices桸ew Material for Nonlinear Optics, Anna D. Kudryavtseva, Nikolay V. Tcherniega; Lebedev Physical Inst.,
Russian Acad. of Sciences. Photonic Flame Effect (PFE) properties were investigated experimentally in opal matrices and
nanocomposites. Dependence of the PFE on the refractive index contrast of nanocomposite was shown. Stimulated Raman
scattering has been obtained in photonic crystal.
JMB38
Engineering Surface Plasmon Polaritons with Hetero Dielectric Nanolayers for Ultra Long Range Propagation, Anomalous
Dispersion, and Nanoscale Confinement, Junpeng Guo, Ronen Adato; Univ. of Alabama in Huntsville, USA. We report our
investigations of using hetero dielectric nanolayers to engineer and control the attenuation, confinement, and dispersion of
symmetric surface plasmon polariton modes along thin metal film and finite width metal strip plasmon polariton waveguides.
JMB39
A 2 D Square Rods in Air Photonic Crystal Optical Switch, Huazhong Wang1, Weimin Zhou2, Jim P. Zheng1; 1Dept. of Electrical and
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Computer Engineering, Florida A&M Univ. and Florida State Univ., USA, 2Sensors and Electron Devices Directorate, ARL, USA. A 2 D
square rods in air photonic crystal optical switch is proposed. Simulations show that up to 82.76% of incident transverse magnetic
Gaussian point source energy can be switched into a channel vertical to source channel.
JMB40
Power Splitters with Different Output Power Levels Based on Photonic Crystal Waveguide Directional Coupler, Afshin Ghaffari,
Mehrdad Djavid, Faraz Monifi, Mohammad Sadegh Abrishamian; K.N.Toosi Univ. of Technology, Iran. Here, properties of wideband
photonic crystal power splitter with different power levels based on directional coupling are investigated. Different power levels
are achieved by changing the coupling length and the radius of the coupling rods.
JMB41
Low Loss Insulator Metal Insulator SPPs Bragg Reflector, Jian wei Mu, Wei ping Huang; McMaster Univ., Canada. A novel Surface
plasmon polariton grating structures based on insulator metal insulator has been proposed and the comparable performances with
reported structure have been investigated by rigorous numerical method.
JMB81
Use of a Ring Resonator Based Modulator for the Measurement of Subpicosecond Optical Waveforms with Oscilloscopes,
Naum K. Berger; Technion ?Israel Inst. of Technology, Israel. Measuring 800 fs optical pulses with a conventional fast oscilloscope is
numerically demonstrated. Temporal superresolution is achieved due to modulation of the pulses by a ring resonator based
traveling wave modulator and the appropriate processing of oscillograms.
JMB1 JMB9 can be found in the COTA abstracts.
JMB10 JMB33 can be found in the Slow Light abstracts.
JMB42 JMB80 can be found in the ICQI abstracts.
NOTES
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
?Tuesday, July 15 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:30 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
JTuA ?Joint Plenary Session II
Salon E
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
JTuA ?Joint Plenary Session II
8:00 a.m.
Slow Light Plenary
Electro Optic Modulation of Photons and Biphotons, Stephen E. Harris; Stanford Univ., USA.
8:40 a.m.
ICQI Plenary
Entanglement, Information Processing and Decoherence in Trapped Atomic Ions, David J. Wineland; NIST, USA.
9:20 a.m.
COTA Plenary
Coherence Cloning and Phase Controlled Apertures Using Optical Phase Lock Loops, Amnon Yariv; Caltech, USA.
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
Salon E
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
ITuA ?Planar Lightwave Circuits and Filters
Mehdi Asghari; KOTURA, Inc., USA, Presider
ITuA1 ?10:30 a.m.
Demonstration of a Reconfigurable 8 Bit Optical Correlator
Filter Using High Index Contrast Silica Waveguides, Mahmoud
S. Rasras1, Inuk Kang1, Mihaela Dinu1, Jim Jaques2, Niloy Dutta2,
Alfonso Piccirilli2, Mark A. Cappuzzo1, Evans Chen1, Louis T. Gomez1,
Annjoe Wong Foy2, Steven Cabot2, Lawrence Buhl1, Gregory Johnson2,
Sanjay S. Patel1; 1Bell Labs, Alcatel Lucent, USA, 2LGS, Bell Labs
Innovations, USA. We present a compact reconfigurable 8 bit
optical matching filter fabricated using 4% delta high indexcontrast
silica on silicon waveguides. We demonstrate its
working by successfully correlating 8 bit binary phase shift keyed
patterns.
ITuA2 ?10:45 a.m.
8 Channel WDM Optical Interconnect Device Using Add Drop
Multiplexers Integrated in a Thin Film Waveguide, Kenji
Kintaka1, Junji Nishii1, Shunsuke Murata2, Shogo Ura2; 1Natl. Inst. of
Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan, 2Kyoto Inst. of
Technology, Japan. Eight channel thin film waveguide WDM
optical interconnect device with free space wave add drop
Salons A/B
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
ITuB ?Microlasers and Emission
Richard DelaRue; Univ. of Glasgow, UK, Presider
ITuB1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Membrane Microlasers and Their Integration, Christian
Seassal; INL CNRS, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, Univ. of Lyon, France.
We present various micro nanophotonic devices based on the
III V on silicon heterogeneous integration scheme. We
particularly focus on microdisk lasers integrated onto silicon
wire waveguide, and on ?.5 D?photonic crystal based
surface emitting microlasers.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
multiplexers consisting of focusing grating couplers (FGCs) and
distributed Bragg reflectors was demonstrated for the first time
by improvement of the FGC coupling efficiency.
ITuA3 ?11:00 a.m.
Tunable Optical Dispersion Compensator Using a Hybrid Lens
Structure in an Arrayed Waveguide Grating, Yuichiro Ikuma,
Hiroyuki Tsuda; Keio Univ., Japan. A tunable optical dispersion
compensator using a hybrid lens structure in an arrayedwaveguide
grating is proposed. The total dispersion can be
controlled from  115 ps/nm to +182 ps/nm with a temperature
change of 55 癈.
ITuA4 ?11:15 a.m.
Monolithic WDM Filter in Silicon on Insulator for
Diplexer/Triplexer Application, Dazeng Feng, Ning Ning Feng,
Hong Liang, Wei Qian, Cheng Chih Kung, Joan Fong, Mehdi Asghari;
Kotura Inc., USA. We have designed and fabricated a
1.49μm/1.55μm WDM filter in Silicon on Insulator (SOI) platform.
The filter is realized by Fourier transform based MZIs. The
fabricated filter has <0.2dB ripple over 20nm flat pass band and
<0.3dB excess loss.
ITuA5 ?11:30 a.m. Invited
Advanced PLC Filter and Integration Technologies, Matt
Pearson; Enablence Technologies Inc., Canada. We demonstrate our
low cost, silicon based PLC platform which includes a compact
on chip grating technology with extremely wide free spectral
range, and passive hybridization of high performance lasers and
photodetectors.
ITuA6 ?12:00 p.m. Invited
Circuit Theory and Microphotonic Circuit Design: From
Salons A/B
ITuB2 ?11:00 a.m.
Controlling Nanowire Emission Profile Using Conical Taper,
Niels Gregersen1, Torben R. Nielsen1, Jesper M鴕k1, Julien Claudon2,
Jean Michel G閞ard2; 1DTU Fotonik, Dept. of Photonics
Engineering, Denmark, 2CEA Grenoble/INAC/SP2M/Lab
Nanophysique et Semiconducteurs, France. The influence of a
conical taper on nanowire light emission is studied. For
nanowires with divergent output beams, the introduction of
tapers improves the emission profile and increases the
collection efficiency of the detection optics.
ITuB3 ?11:15 a.m.
Double Heterostructure Photonic Crystal Lasers with
Reduced Threshold Pump Power and Increased Slope
Efficiency Obtained by Quantum Well Intermixing, Ling Lu,
Eui Hyun Hwang, John OʹBrien, P. Daniel Dapkus; Univ. of
Southern California, USA. Double Heterostructure photonic
crystal microcavity lasers were fabricated in which much of
the photonic crystal mirror region was disordered by quantum
well intermixing. An increased slope efficiency and a reduced
threshold pump power was obtained.
ITuB4 ?11:30 a.m.
Strong Luminescence in 1500 nm from HgTe Colloidal
Quantum Dots Infiltrated in a Photonic Crystal Lattice, Pablo
A. Postigo1, H閏tor Mart韓ez1, Iv醤 Prieto1, Vladimir Lesnyak2,
Nikolai Gaponik2; 1Inst. de Microelectronica de Madrid, Spain, 2TU
Dresden, Germany. We report the measurement at room
temperature of strong and linearly polarized
photoluminescence emission in 1550 nm on HgTe colloidal
quantum dots infiltrated inside photonic crystal slabs.
ITuB5 ?11:45 a.m.
High Purcell Factor, Ultra Small Mode Volume Quasi H1
Photonic Crystal Defect Lasers in InGaAsP Membrane, Yi
Chun Yang1, Chun Jung Wang2, Yu Chen Liu3, Zi Chang Chang3,
Kung Shu Hsu4, Yen Chun Tseng2, Jen Inn Chyi2, Meng Chyi Wu3,
Po Tsung Lee4, Min Hsiung Shih1; 1Res. Ctr. for Applied Sciences,
Academia Sinica, Taiwan, 2Dept. of Electrical Engineering,Natl.
Central Univ., Taiwan, 3Dept. of Electrical Engineering,Natl. Tsing
Hua Univ., Taiwan, 4Dept. of Photonics, Natl. Chiao Tung Univ.,
Taiwan. The ultra small mode volume, high Q quasi H1
photonic crystal cavity was demonstrated in InGaAsP
membrane. The lasing properties of the cavity were
characterized. The operated mode and profile were analyzed
with the finite difference time domain method.
ITuB6 ?12:00 p.m.
Two Dimensional Surface Emitting Photonic Crystal Laser
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
Resonant Filters to Light Powered Nanomachines, Milos A.
Popovic, Peter T. Rakich, Tymon Barwicz, Marcus S. Dahlem, Fuwan
Gan, Charles W. Holzwarth, Henry I. Smith, Franz X. K鋜tner, Erich P.
Ippen; MIT, USA. Physically intuitive coupled mode and
equivalent electrical circuit theories are described for synthesis of
nanophotonic resonator/interferometer circuits, including a new
phase law for general 4 ports. Synthesis of self adaptive (highlynonlinear)
optomechanical systems based on light forces is
introduced.
Salons A/B
with Hybrid Triangular Graphite Structure, Luis Javier
Mart韓ez1, H閏tor Mart韓ez1, Iv醤 Prieto1, Pablo A. Postigo1,
Christian Seassal2, Pierre Viktorovitch2; 1Inst. de Microelectronica de
Madrid, Spain, 2Inst. des Nanotechnologies de Lyon (INL), France.
Laser emission of a compact surface emitting microlaser,
optically pumped and operating at 1.5 μm at room
temperature is presented. The two dimensional photonic
crystal is conformed in a hybrid triangular graphite lattice
designed for vertical emission.
ITuB7 ?12:15 p.m.
Characterization of the Resonant Third Order Nonlinear
Susceptibility of Si Doped GaN/AlN Quantum Wells and
Quantum Dots at 1.5 μm, S. Valdueza Felip1, F.B. Naranjo1, M.
Gonz醠ez Herr醗z1, H. Fern醤dez2, J. Sol韘2, F. Guillot3, E. Monroy3,
M. Tchernycheva4, L. Nevou4, F. H. Julien4; 1Grupo de Ingenier韆
Fot髇ica (GRIFO), Dept. de Electr髇ica, Univ. de Alcal? Spain,
2Inst. de 觩tica, C.S.I.C., Spain, 3Equipe Mixte CEA, Ctr. Natl. de
la Recherche Scientifique, Nanophysique et Semiconducteurs,
INAC/SP2M/NPSC CEA Grenoble, France, 4Inst. d碋lectronique
Fondamentale, Ctr. Natl. de la Recherche Scientifique, France. We
report third order optical nonlinearity around 1500nm of
GaN/AlN QW and QD. Intersubband transitions show a high
X(3) value and an ultrafast nonlinear response, rendering these
nanostructures suitable for all optical switching and
wavelength conversion applications.
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
ITuC ?Sensors and Lightwave Circuits
Attila Mekis; Luxtera Inc., USA, Presider
ITuC1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
Integrated Optical Bio Sensors, Igal Brener; Sandia Natl. Labs,
USA. We will present our recent progress on 1) waveguide based
sensor arrays that can operate as high density immunoassay
sensors for detection of proteins and other biomolecules in
solution, 2) metamaterial and plasmonic based chem bio sensors.
ITuC2 ?2:30 p.m. Invited
Polymeric Optical Wire Bonding for Planar Lightwave Circuit
Packaging, Roberto R. Panepucci, Abdullah J. Zackariya, Tao Liu;
Florida Intl. Univ., USA. Flexible SU8 optical waveguide coupling
to on chip waveguides is investigated numerically for single
mode, and experimentally for multimode waveguides. An optical
wire bonding platform enabling optical coupling from fiberribbon
connectors to planar lightwave circuits is proposed.
12:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
ITuD ?Multi Core Photonics and Simulations
Jurgen Michel; MIT, USA, Presider
ITuD1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
Nanoscale Silicon Photonic Networks on Chip for Multicore
Processors Communications, Keren Bergman; Columbia Univ.,
USA. We explore how recent advances in nanoscale silicon
photonic technologies can be exploited for developing on chip
optical interconnection networks that address the bandwidth
and power challenges presented for the communications
infrastructure in multicore processors.
ITuD2 ?2:30 p.m. Invited
A Nanophotonic Interconnect for High Performance Many
Core Computation, Ray Beausoleil1, J. Ahn2, N. Binkert2, A.
Davis2, D. Fattal1, M. Fiorentino1, N. P. Jouppi2, M. McLaren3, C.
M. Santori1, R. S. Schreiber2, S. M. Spillane1, D. Vantrease2, Q. Xu1;
1Information and Quantum Systems, Hewlett Packard Labs, USA,
2Exascale Computing, Hewlett Packard Labs, USA, 3Exascale
Computing, Hewlett Packard Labs, UK. We describe the results of
a design study of DWDM on chip and off chip nanophotonic
interconnects and device technologies that could improve
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
ITuC3 ?3:00 p.m.
Sensitive and Compact Silicon Wire Evanescent Field Molecular
Sensors, D. X. Xu, A. Densmore, P. Waldron, S. Janz, J. Lapointe, A.
Delage, G. Lopinski, T. Mischki, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid; Natl. Res.
Council of Canada, Canada. Densely folded silicon wire waveguide
evanescent field sensors demonstrate high sensitivity and
compact foot print. Real time monitoring of molecular binding
resolves ~0.2% of a protein monolayer, corresponding to a mass of
~5 femtograms.
ITuC4 ?3:15 p.m.
Two Dimensional Photonic Crystal Slot Microcavity Sensor for
Virus Sized Particle Detection, Mindy R. Lee1, Benjamin L. Miller2,
Philippe M. Fauchet3; 1Inst. of Optics, Univ. of Rochester, USA, 2Dept.
of Dermatology, Univ. of Rochester, USA, 3Inst. of Optics, Dept. of
Electrical and Computer Engineering, Univ. of Rochester, USA. We
theoretically and experimentally demonstrate a new sensor
design that consists of a 2 D silicon slot photonic crystal
microcavity and is capable of detecting virus sized particles.
ITuC5 ?3:30 p.m.
Design and Optimization of Surface Plasmon Resonance Based
Biosensor for the Detection of E. coli, Muttukrishnan Rajarajan1,
Tuffail Dar1, Christos Themistos1, Aziz Rahman1, Kenneth Grattan1,
Joseph Irudayaraj2; 1City Univ., UK, 2Purdue Univ., USA. Finite
element analysis based on the vector H field formulation and
incorporating the perturbation technique is used to optimize a
surface plasmon resonance based fiber optic sensor for the
detection of E coli.
ITuC6 ?3:45 p.m.
Generalized Treatment of Optically Induced Forces and
Potentials in Optomechanically Variable Photonic Circuits,
Peter T. Rakich, Milos A. Popovic; MIT, USA. We establish a
fundamental relationship between the phase and amplitude
responses of an optomechanically variable photonic circuit and
the forces and potentials produced by light. These results are
illustrated through resonant and nonresonant multi port systems.
Salons A/B
computing performance by a factor of 20 above industry
projections over the next decade.
ITuD3 ?3:00 p.m. Invited
Intrachip Photonic Network for Multicore Communications,
Mark Beals; MIT, USA. No abstract available.
ITuD4 ?3:30 p.m.
Temperature Dependence Analysis of Photonic Devices, V.
F. Rodr韌uez Esquerre1, J. P. Da Silva2, C. E. Rubio Mercedes3, J. J.
Is韉io Lima1, H. E. Hern醤dez Figueroa4; 1CEFET BA, Brazil,
2UFERSA, Brazil, 3UEMS, Brazil, 4UNICAMP, Brazil. The
chromatic dispersion of an ultra flattened optical fiber and the
resonant wavelength of a microring filter were computed for
several temperatures by using temperature dependent
Sellmeier coefficients in combination with efficient finiteelement
approaches. Both parameters exhibited lineardependence
with temperature.
ITuD5 ?3:45 p.m.
Using the Penalty Method for Imposing Boundary
Conditions in the Pseudospectral Optical Waveguide Mode
Solver, Po Jui Chiang1, Nai Hsiang Sun2, Hung chun Chang1;
1Natl. Taiwan Univ., Taiwan, 2I Shou Univ., Taiwan. A penalty
method for imposing boundary conditions at material
interfaces is considered in the recently developed multidomain
pseudospectral optical waveguide mode solver. The method is
demonstrated to offer better numerical convergency and
stability.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
NOTES
Salons A/B
4:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
ITuE ?Computer Aided Design for Integrated and Nano
Photonics
Hugo Enrique Hernandez Figueroa; UNICAMP, Brazil, Presider
ITuE1 ?4:30 p.m. Invited
Addressing Photonic Applications via a Broad Range of
Integrated Simulation Methods, Robert Scarmozzino, E. Heller,
M. Bahl; RSoft Design Group, Inc., USA. Presented here is an
integrated set of methods for device simulation (FDTD, BPM,
FEM, RCWA, EME, PWE), calculation of multiple physical
processes (electro/thermo/stress optic and active carrier
transport), high performance computing, and multilevel
connection to system simulation.
ITuE2 ?4:45 p.m. Invited
Designing Active Photonic Integrated Circuits Using TDTW,
Dominic F. Gallagher; Photon Design, UK. We present a new
photonic circuits simulator PICWave based on the TDTW
method, capable of modelling both active and passive
photonic circuits. We illustrate its performance with reference
to an SOA based all optical 2R regenerator.
ITuE3 ?5:00 p.m. Invited
Multi Disciplinary Simulation of Electro Opto Thermal
Networks Using a SPICE Like Framework, Pavan Gunupudi1,
Tom Smy1, Jackson Klein2, Jan Jakubczyk2; 1Carleton Univ., Canada,
2Optiwave Systems, Canada. This paper presents a method to
simulate coupled multi disciplinary problems using a singleengine
approach by embedding system characteristics of
optoelectronic devices relating to each energy domain in a
SPICE like simulation framework.
ITuE4 ?5:15 p.m. Invited
JCMsuite: An Adaptive FEM Solver or Precise Simulations
in Nano Optics, Sven Burger, Lin Zschiedrich, Jan Pomplun,
Frank Schmidt; JCMwave, Germany. We present the finiteelement
solver JCMsuite for Maxwell type, time harmonic
scattering, eigenvalue and resonance problems. We report on
the current status and discuss application examples like the
precise computation of leaky modes in photonic crystal fibers.
A round table discussion will conclude the last hour of this
session, 5:30 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Salon F
6:30 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Conference Reception
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
?Wednesday, July 16 ?br> Atrium Foyer
7:30 a.m.?:00 p.m.
Registration Open
Salon E
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
IWA ?Micro Resonators and Lightwave Devices
Greg Nordin; Univ. of Alabama at Huntsville, USA, Presider
IWA1 ?8:00 a.m. Invited
Electrical Network Approach to Synthesizing Coupled Cavity
Optical Devices, Vien Van; Univ. of Alberta, Canada. Generalized
electrical network approach for synthesizing multiple coupled
micro resonator devices of the most general two dimensional
coupling topology is presented. Complex device coupling
topologies are also presented to highlight their various potential
applications in spectral engineering.
IWA2 ?8:30 a.m.
Integrated HIC High Q Resonators in Chalcogenide Glass,
Juejun Hu1, Nathan Carlie2, Ning Ning Feng1, Laeticia Petit2,
Anuradha Agarwal1, Kathleen Richardson2, Lionel Kimerling1; 1MIT,
USA, 2Clemson Univ., USA. We have demonstrated the first
planar waveguide coupled chalcogenide glass micro resonators
using a CMOS compatible lift off technique. The microdisk
resonators support whispering gallery mode (WGM) with
cavity Q exceeding 2 ?105, the highest Q reported in
chalcogenide resonators.
IWA3 ?8:45 a.m.
A Compact Chromatic Dispersion Compensator Using
Unequal and Mutually Coupled Microring Resonators, Lin
Zhang1, Muping Song2, Jeng Yuan Yang1, Raymond G. Beausoleil3,
Alan E. Willner1; 1Univ. of Southern California, USA, 2Zhejiang
Univ., China, 3HP Labs, USA. We propose ultra small silicon
microring based dispersion compensators, with  530 ps/nm
dispersion over 8.5 μm and power fluctuation of 0.15 dB.
Equivalent dispersion is up to 6.23?010 ps/nm/km. Dispersion
slope compensation is also achieved.
IWA4 ?9:00 a.m.
Design and Optimization of Devices for C Band Photonic
Crystal Waveguide Interleaver with Flattened Pass Band,
Lorenzo Rosa, Kunimasa Saitoh, Kuniaki Kakihara, Masanori Koshiba;
Grad. School of Information Science and Technology, Hokkaido Univ.,
Japan. We investigate the optimization of a C band photoniccrystal
waveguide (PCW) interleaver with flattened pass band,
using coupled resonator optical waveguides (CROW). A genetic
algorithm (GA) is employed for optimizing the filter devices for
high transmittivity and flatness.
Salons A/B
8:00 a.m.?0:00 a.m.
IWB ?Modeling Optical Fibers and Waveguides
Ronald Hadley; Sandia Natl. Labs, Presider
IWB1 ?8:00 a.m. Invited
Microstructured Fibers: Modelling, Design and Applications,
Annamaria Cucinotta, Federica Poli, Davide Passaro, Stefano Selleri;
Univ. of Parma, Italy. The finite element method has been
successfully applied to analyze the properties of
microstructured fibers. Their geometrical and physical
characteristics have been designed in order to obtain the
features suitable for specific applications.
IWB2 ?8:30 a.m.
Characterization of a Teflon PCF for THz Frequency
Applications by Using the Finite Element Method, Kejalakshmy
Namassivayane, B.M. Azizur Rahman, Arti Agrawal, Ken Grattan;
City Univ., UK. A finite element based full vectorial modal
solution approach has been developed to identify single mode
operation of Teflon photonic crystal fibers and to characterize
their modal and bending losses in the THz frequencies.
IWB3 ?8:45 a.m.
Single Mode Large Mode Area Leakage Channel Fibers with
Octagonal Symmetry, Lorenzo Rosa1, Kunimasa Saitoh1, Yukihiro
Tsuchida1, Shailendra Kumar Varshney1, Masanori Koshiba1, Federica
Poli2, Davide Passaro2, Annamaria Cucinotta2, Stefano Selleri2, Luca
Vincetti3; 1Div. of Media and Network Technologies, Hokkaido Univ.,
Japan, 2Univ. of Parma, Italy, 3Univ. of Modena e Reggio Emilia,
Italy. A novel design for large mode area leakage channel fibers
with a single ring of air holes organized with octagonal
symmetry has been proposed, obtaining lower bending loss and
guided mode distortion with respect to hexagonal symmetry
fibers.
IWB4 ?9:00 a.m.
Finite Element and Boundary Integral Method for Analysis of
Open Dielectric Waveguides, Hyoungsuk Yoo, Anand Gopinath;
Univ. of Minnesota, USA. To analyze dielectric waveguides, the
vector finite element method is used in the interior region while
boundary integral equations are applied in the exterior region.
The propagation constant has been obtained by an iterative
method.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
IWA5 ?9:15 a.m.
Stratified Photonic Crystal Demultiplexer, Amin
Khorshidahmad, Andrew G. Kirk; McGill Univ., Canada. Using
diffraction compensation, a compact wide band coarse
wavelength division demultiplexer in a stratified
heterostructure photonic crystal is proposed. With almost
diffraction limited beam sizes, seven fold size reduction is
achieved compared to a convectional S vector superprism.
IWA6 ?9:30 a.m.
Highly Sensitive Compact On Chip Micro Interferometers,
Maysamreza Chamanzar, Babak Momeni, Ali Adibi; Georgia Tech,
USA. Photonic crystals (PCs) are used in a two wave interference
architecture to enhance the spectral sensitivity of onchip
optical interferometers. The proposed interferometers are
shown to have applications in sensing and spectroscopy.
IWA7 ?9:45 a.m.
T Shaped Channel Drop Filters Using Photonic Crystal Ring
Resonators, Mehrdad Djavid, Faraz Monifi, Afshin Ghaffari,
Mohammad Sadegh Abrishamian; K.N.Toosi Univ. of Technology,
Iran, Islamic Republic of. We demonstrate a new type of 2 D
photonic crystal T shaped channel drop filter using ringresonator
with high normalized transmission; we investigate
parameters which affecting resonant frequency in these filters.
FDTD method concludes output efficiency over 95%.
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
Salons A/B
IWB5 ?9:15 a.m.
A Modified Semivectorial Beam Propagation Method
Retaining the Longitudinal Field Component, Junji Yamauchi,
Yuta Nito, Hisamatsu Nakano; Faculty of Engineering, Hosei Univ.,
Japan. The formulation of the beam propagation method is
revisited, taking into account the effects of the longitudinal field
component. The improvement is demonstrated through the
analysis of a vertically tapered rib waveguide.
IWB6 ?9:30 a.m.
Novel Frequency Domain Approach for the Analysis of
Photonic Devices in Cylindrical Coordinates, C. E. Rubio
Mercedes1, V. F. Rodr韌uez Esquerre2, H. E. Hern醤dez Figueroa3;
1UEMS, Brazil, 2CEFET BA, Brazil, 3UNICAMP, Brazil. A novel
scheme based on a finite element method (FEM) in conjunction
with the perfectly matched layers (PML) for the analysis of
discontinuities in photonic devices with cylindrical symmetry is
proposed and validated.
IWB7 ?9:45 a.m.
A Quasi Crystal Spiral Photonic Crystal Fiber: Modal
Solutions and Dispersion Properties, Arti Agrawal, N.
Kejalakshmy, F. Tian, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan; City Univ.,
UK. A novel quasi crystal spiral design for a Photonic Crystal
Fiber is optimized by the Finite Element method. The fiber
dispersion can be designed to have large negative values by
tuning the design parameters.
Salon Foyer
10:00 a.m.?0:30 a.m.
Coffee Break
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
IWC ?Photonic Integration
Pietro Bernasconi; Bell Labs, Alcatel Lucent, USA, Presider
IWC1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Digital vs. Analog Photonic Integration, Martin Hill1, M. K.
Smit1, Peter Crombez2, Carel van der Poel2; 1COBRA桾U
Eindhoven, Netherlands, 2NXP Semiconductor, Netherlands. In this
presentation, analog integration is reviewed, digital integration
is discussed and a comparison is made between photonics and
electronics.
IWC2 ?11:00 a.m. Invited
Photonic Integrated Circuits for Communications, Signal
Processing and Computing Applications, S. J. Ben Yoo; Univ. of
California at Davis, USA. This paper describes PICs realized on
semiconductor platforms (InP, Si, etc) to support future
communication and computing systems integrated on a chip.
Integration of lasers, mux/demux, micro resonators, optical
switches will be described.
10:30 a.m.?2:30 p.m.
IWD ?Solar Cells and Nanostructures
Edward Sargent; Univ. of Toronto, Canada, Presider
IWD1 ?10:30 a.m. Invited
Engineering of Charge and Light Transport at the Micro and
Nanoscale for Low Cost, Large Area Solar Cells, Peter Peumans;
Stanford Univ., USA. No abstract available.
IWD2 ?11:00 a.m.
Ultracompact Plasmonic Waveguide Bend Based on Nanoscale
Cavity Resonance, Jaeyoun Kim, Yu Liu; Iowa State Univ., USA. It
is well known that incorporating resonant cavities into dielectric
waveguide bends can improve their transmission efficiency.
Using 3 D simulations, we demonstrate that the technique can
generate ~3dB improvement in ultracompact plasmonic
waveguide bends as well.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
IWC3 ?11:30 a.m.
High Power High Linearity Modified Uni Traveling Carrier
Photodiodes, Andreas Beling, Huapu Pan, Hao Chen, Joe C.
Campbell; Univ. of Virginia, USA. We demonstrate a modified
uni traveling carrier photodiode (MUTC PD) with a record high
third order intercept point of 52dBm at 75mA and 300MHz. To
further enhance the dynamic range we propose a monolithically
integrated traveling wave MUTC PD array.
IWC4 ?11:45 a.m.
Photonic Chip Recirculating Buffer for Optical Packet
Switching, Emily F. Burmeister, John P. Mack, Henrik N. Poulsen,
Milan L. Ma歛nović, Biljana Stamenić, Daniel J. Blumenthal, John E.
Bowers; Univ. of California at Santa Barbara, USA. The first on chip
optical buffer is demonstrated with up to 64 ns of delay with
98% packet recovery. The recirculating buffer is implemented
using a fast, InP based switch butt coupled to a low loss silica
waveguide delay.
IWC5 ?12:00 p.m. Invited
Photonic Integrated Circuits for Optical Routing and
Switching Applications, Milan L. Masanovic, Emily F. Burmeister,
Anna Tauke Pedretti, Brian R. Koch, Matthew M. Dummer, Joseph A.
Summers, Jonathon S. Barton, Larry A. Coldren, John E. Bowers,
Daniel J. Blumenthal; Univ. of California at Santa Barbara, USA. We
report on the latest advances in implementation of integrated
photonic components required for optical routing: wavelength
converters, optical buffers, and mode locked lasers.
Salons A/B
IWD3 ?11:15 a.m.
Design and Analysis of Metal Slab Waveguide Reflector for
Substrate Removed Nanowire Waveguides, Changwan Son,
Byungchae Kim, Jaehyuk Shin, Nadir Dagli; Univ. of California at
Santa Barbara, USA. Metal slab waveguide reflectors for
nanowire waveguides are designed and simulated. The
reflection coefficient can be controlled by adjusting the gap and
length of the reflector. Reflection coefficients higher than metal
coated facets are possible.
IWD4 ?11:30 a.m.
Retardation Effects to the Rescue of Particle Plasmon Based
Nano Cavities, Eyal Feigenbaum, Meir Orenstein; Technion, Israel.
ultra small modal volume of ~10 4∙λ3 with relatively enhanced
Q factors is obtained when a particle plasmon is modified to
accumulate retardation effects, although the field propagation
length is only few tens of nanometer.
IWD5 ?11:45 a.m.
The Nano Plasmonic Slotline and Coplanar Waveguides and
Their Edge Guiding, Yinon Stav, Nikolai Berkovitch, Meir
Orenstein; Technion, Israel. Slotlines and Coplanar plasmonic
waveguides at the nanometric regime are studied both
theoretically and experimentally, including their mutual
coupling. Edge guiding in these structures enables relatively
long plasmon propagation (tens of micrometers).
IWD6 ?12:00 p.m.
3 D Numerical Simulations of Light Scattering from 2 D
Silver Nanorod Hexagonal Arrays Embedded in Nano Gap
Substrates, Bang Yan Lin1, Chun Hao Teng2, Hung chun Chang1;
1Natl. Taiwan Univ., Taiwan, 2Natl. Cheng Kung Univ., Taiwan.
Light scattering from hexagonal lattice silver nanorod arrays
embedded in nano gap substrates are simulated using a highaccuracy
3 D pseudospectral time domain numerical scheme. A
more realistic Drude Lorentz material model is numerically
implemented to facilitate efficient computation.
IWD7 ?12:15 p.m.
Reduced Basis Method for Nano Optical Simulations, Jan
Pomplun, Frank Schmidt; Zuse Inst. Berlin, Germany. We explain
the reduced basis method for the finite element simulation of
nano optical problems which allows to obtain rigorous solutions
of the electromagnetic field for large parameterized problems in
very short time.
12:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
12:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
Lunch Break
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
IWE ?Active Structures
Mark Earnshaw; Alcatel Lucent, USA, Presider
IWE1 ?2:00 p.m. Invited
Nanostructure Patterned Active Regions for Semiconductor
Diode Lasers, James Coleman; Univ. of Illinois at Urbana
Champaign, USA. We describe a nanoscale selective area epitaxy
process for uniform patterned quantum dot growth and present
laser device results for both conventional quantum dot lasers
and a novel inverted quantum dot (nanopore) laser structure.
IWE2 ?2:30 p.m.
Enhanced Electro Optic Phase Modulation in InGaAs
Quantum Posts, JaeHyuk Shin, Hyochul Kim, Pierre M. Petroff,
Nadir Dagli; Univ. of California at Santa Barbara, USA. Phase
modulation of self assembled InGaAs quantum posts were
studied at 1500 nm. Enhancement of 29% over devices
containing InGaAs quantum wells of similar composition was
observed indicating significant electro optic coefficient increase
in quantum posts.
IWE3 ?2:45 p.m.
Low Loss Ultra Compact GaAs/AlGaAs Substrate Removed
Waveguides, JaeHyuk Shin, Yu Chia Chang, Nadir Dagli; Univ. of
California at Santa Barbara, USA. Substrate removed
GaAs/AlGaAs optical waveguides with propagation loss as low
as 1 dB/cm was demonstrated using lifted off Si for index
loading. Loss components were identified, minimized and
measured propagation loss correlated well with calculations.
IWE4 ?3:00 p.m.
Ultrafast Optical Beam Deflection in a GaAs Planar
Waveguide by a Transient, Optically Induced Prism Array,
Chris H. Sarantos, John E. Heebner; Lawrence Livermore Natl. Lab,
USA. We demonstrate a novel, ultrafast single shot optical beam
deflection technique based on an array of transient, optically
induced prisms within a GaAs planar waveguide, enabling
Salons A/B
2:00 p.m.?:00 p.m.
IWF ?Simulations, Photonic Devices and Materials
Andrea Melloni; DEI, Italy, Presider
IWF1 ?2:00 p.m.
Waveguide Microgripper Power Distribution, Tao Liu, Jose A.
Martinez, Amit Bhanushali, Roberto R. Panepucci; Florida Intl.
Univ., USA. We studied the factors affecting the power
distribution across the waveguide facet of novel microgrippers.
Knife edge measurements, microscopy imaging and 2 D朏DTD
numerical simulations are carried to study the effects of
specifications of series microgrippers.
IWF2 ?2:15 p.m.
Effect of Implementation of a Bragg Reflector in the Photonic
Band Structure of the Suzuki Phase Photonic Crystal Lattice,
Pablo A. Postigo1, Luis J. Mart韓ez1, Alfonso R. Alija1, Matteo Galli2,
Juan F. Galisteo L髉ez2, Lucio C. Andreani2, Christian Seassal3, Pierre
Viktorovitch3; 1Inst. de Microelectronica de Madrid, Spain, 2Dept. di
Fisica ʺA. Volta,ʺ Univ. di Pavia, Italy, 3Inst. des Nanotechnologies de
Lyon (INL), France. We report the change in the photonic band
structure of the Suzuki phase photonic crystal slab when
transversal symmetry is broken by an underlying Bragg
reflector, and an enhancement on the photoluminescence up to
seven times.
IWF3 ?2:30 p.m.
Removing the Bandwidth Limitation in Slow Light Mach
Zehnder Modulators, Sean P. Anderson, Ashutosh R. Shroff,
Philippe M. Fauchet; Inst. of Optics, Univ. of Rochester, USA. We
show that modulators using slow light Mach Zehnder
interferometers can be miniaturized, but at the price of
bandwidth. We offer guidelines to replace this tradeoff with a
more favorable one between length reduction and
manufacturing variation.
IWF4 ?2:45 p.m.
Thermally Tunable Ferroelectric Thin Film Photonic Crystals,
Pao T. Lin1, Bruce W. Wessels1, Alexandra Imre2, Leonidas E. Ocola2;
1Northwestern Univ., USA, 2Ctr. for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne
Natl. Lab, USA. Thermally tunable PhCs are fabricated from
ferroelectric thin films. Photonic band structure and
temperature dependent diffraction are calculated by FDTD. 50%
intensity modulation is demonstrated experimentally. This
device has potential in active ultra compact optical circuits.
IWF5 ?3:00 p.m.
Simulation, Fabrication and Measurement of Infrared
Frequency Selective Surfaces, David W. Peters, L. I. Basilio, A. A.
Cruz Cabrera, W. A. Johnson, J. R. Wendt, S. A. Kemme, S. Samora;
Sandia Natl. Labs, USA. We show reflection and transmission
measurements from frequency selective surfaces over a broad
angular and wavelength range in the midwave infrared and
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
experimental measurement of signals with sub 3 ps temporal
resolution.
IWE5 ?3:15 p.m.
General and Efficient Method for Calculating Modulation
Responses and Noise Spectra of Active Semiconductor
Waveguides, S鴕en Blaaberg, Filip 謍man, Jesper M鴕k; Technical
Univ. of Denmark, Denmark. We present a theoretical method for
obtaining small signal responses in a spatially resolved active
semiconductor waveguide including finite end facet
reflectivities and amplified spontaneous emission. RFmodulation
responses and output noise spectra of an SOA are
shown.
IWE6 ?3:30 p.m.
One Dimensional Photonic Crystal and Photoconductive PbTe
Film for Low Cost Resonant Cavity Enhanced Mid Infrared
Photodetector, Jianfei Wang1, Juejun Hu1, Xiaochen Sun1, Anuradha
M. Agarwal1, Desmond R. Lim2, Lionel C. Kimerling1; 1MIT, USA,
2DSO Natl. Labs, Singapore. We demonstrate and characterize
both one dimensional photonic crystal monolithically integrated
on a Si platform, and thermally evaporated PbTe film with room
temperature photoconductivity, which are key components for
low cost resonant cavity enhanced mid infrared photodetectors.
IWE7 ?3:45 p.m.
Influence of Pure Dephasing on Emission Spectra from
Quantum Dot Cavity Systems, Andreas N. Rasmussen, Troels S.
J鴕gensen, Philip T. Kristensen, Jesper M鴕k; DTU Fotonik, Dept. of
Photonics Engineering, Denmark. We model the effect of
dephasing on a QD cavity QED system. The emission peaks are
found to display surprising intensity shifts as the rate of
dephasing is increased. This effect could explain recent
experimental results.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
Salons A/B
compare to computational models using EIGERTM, a methodof
moments code.
IWF6 ?3:15 p.m.
Backward Propagating Slow Light in Inverted Plasmonic
Taper, Eyal Feigenbaum, Meir Orenstein; Technion, Israel. Modes in
plasmonic metal dielectric metal structure, at frequencies
exceeding the surface plasmon frequency can be simultaneous
slow light, have backward phase propagation and exhibit
inverse cutoff characteristics compared to regular photonic
characteristics.
IWF7 ?3:30 p.m.
Estimating Total Quality Factor of 2 D Photonic Crystal Slab
Cavities with 2 D Simulation Techniques, Tao Liu, Roberto R.
Panepucci; Florida Intl. Univ., USA. We propose a fast numerical
method to evaluate total quality factor of photonic crystal slabbased
microcavity. Cavity mode and in/out plane losses are
calculated by 2 D朏DTD and 3 D朠WE methods. Results are
compared with Full 3 D朏DTD simulations.
IWF8 ?3:45 p.m.
Efficient Approach for 3 D Full Vectorial Sensitivity Analysis
Using ADI BPM, Mohamed A. Swillam, Mohamed H. Bakr, Xun Li;
McMaster Univ., Canada. A novel approach for sensitivity
analysis using the 3 D full vectorial beam propagation method
based on alternative direction implicit technique is proposed.
Our approach is efficient, simple, easy to implement and has
second order accuracy.
Salon Foyer
4:00 p.m.?:30 p.m.
Coffee Break
4:30 p.m.?:45 p.m.
IWG ?Waveguide Components
Dan Xia Xu; Natl. Res. Council of Canada, Canada, Presider
IWG1 ?4:30 p.m.
Polarization Selective Tunable Delay in Coupled Resonator
Optical Delay Lines, Francesco Morichetti1, Carlo Ferrari2, Andrea
Melloni2, Mario Martinelli1; 1CORECOM, Italy, 2Politecnico di
Milano, Italy. We experimentally demonstrate that an integrated
reconfigurable coupled resonator optical waveguide can
introduce a continuously tunable delay between two datastreams
with orthogonal polarization states. Applications to
polarization division multiplexing transmission systems at
several Gbit/s bit rates are discussed.
4:30 p.m.?:45 p.m.
IWH ?Resonant Structures
Azizur B. M. Rahman; City Univ., UK, Presider
IWH1 ?4:30 p.m.
Confinement Analysis in Symmetric and Asymmetric
Nanoscale Slab Slot Waveguides, Qun Zhang1, Changbao Ma2,
Edward Van Keuren2; 1Minnesota State Univ., USA, 2Georgetown
Univ., USA. Using the recently derived analytical TM modal
field expression and the transcendental dispersion relation for a
general nanoscale asymmetric slab slot waveguide, the
confinement performance in symmetric vs. asymmetric
geometries was systematically analyzed and compared.
?2008 Summer Optics and Photonics Congress ?July 13?6 ?Boston Marriott Copley Place Hotel ?Boston, Massachusetts, USA ?br> Optical Society of America ?www.osa.org ?+1 202.416.1907 ?custserv@osa.org
Salon E
IWG2 ?4:45 p.m.
Non Hermitian Quantum Mechanics for Linear Photonic
Logic, Vita Vishnyakov, Pavel Ginzburg, Alex Hayat, Meir
Orenstein; Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Technion, Israel.
Unidirectional interference is proposed for controlling strong
fields by weak ones, based on Maxwell Schr鰀inger equation
analogies. Electromagnetic equivalents of EIT under non
Hermitian Hamiltonian result in low power linear photonic
logic with unidirectional optical gratings.
IWG3 ?5:00 p.m.
Thermo Optical Compensation in High Index Contrast
Waveguides Using Polymer Claddings, Winnie N. Ye1, Jurgen
Michel1, Louay Eldada2, Deepti Pant2, Rong Sun1, Po Dong3, Michal
Lipson3, Lionel C. Kimerling1; 1MIT, USA, 2DuPont Photonics
Technologies, USA, 3Cornell Univ., USA. We present the design
and fabrication of temperature insensitive high index contrast
waveguides using acrylate polymer claddings. The large
negative thermo optic coefficient of the polymers effectively
compensates the intrinsic positive thermo optic effects induced
from the waveguide core.
IWG4 ?5:15 p.m.
Dependence of Silicon on Insulator Waveguide Loss on
Lower Oxide Cladding Thickness, Adam Mock, John D. OʹBrien;
Univ. of Southern California, USA. Silicon on insulator waveguide
propagation and bending loss as a function of lower oxide
cladding thickness is investigated using the finite difference
time domain method. Certain non rectangular waveguide crosssections
can reduce substrate loss.
IWG5 ?5:30 p.m.
Compact Slow Wave Structures with Maximally Flat Group
Delays Based on Circular Arrays of Microring Resonators, Vien
Van1, Tie Nan Ding2, Warren N. Herman2, Ping Tong Ho2; 1Univ. of
Alberta, Canada, 2Univ. of Maryland, USA. Cyclical propagation of
light in circular arrays of microring resonators is exploited to
realize efficient slow wave structures with large group delay
enhancements. Devices with maximally flat group delay
responses are designed for applications in dispersionless optical
delay elements.
Salons A/B
IWH2 ?4:45 p.m.
A Wavelength Division Demultiplexer Based on T Shaped
Channel Drop Filters Based on Heterostructure Photonic
Crystals with Three Outputs, Mehrdad Djavid, Afshin Ghaffari,
Faraz Monifi, Mohammad Sadegh Abrishamian; K. N.Toosi Univ. of
Technology, Iran. In this paper, we demonstrate a new type of
photonic crystal wavelength division demultiplexing based on
ring resonator; FDTD method concludes output efficiency above
94%. The structure contains two different values of dielectric
constant (Heterostructure).
IWH3 ?5:00 p.m.
Calculation and Correction of Coupling Induced Resonance
Frequency Shifts in Traveling Wave Dielectric Resonators,
Qing Li, Siva Yegnanarayanan, Amir Atabaki, Ali Adibi; Georgia
Tech, USA. We study the CIFS effect in traveling wave
resonators. The physical source of CIFS is revealed and an
efficient semi analytical approximation method for 3 D
structures is provided. Method to correct CIFS is also proposed.
IWH4 ?5:15 p.m.
Optical Bistability in Novel Retro Reflector Based
Semiconductor Micro Ring Lasers, Zhuoran Wang1, Guohui
Yuan1, Siyuan Yu2; 1Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,
UK, 2Dept of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, UK. Optical
bistability are achieved in novel semiconductor ring lasers based
on retro reflector cavities downsized to equivalent ring radius of
26 μm and 16μm at room temperature. L I curves and optical
spectra are observed.
IWH5 ?5:30 p.m.
Optical Transmission in Horizontal Slot Waveguides, Rong
Sun1, Po Dong2, Ning ning Feng1, Ching yin Hong1, Michal Lipson2,
Jurgen Michel1, Lionel C. Kimerling1; 1MIT, USA, 2Cornell Univ.,
USA. Horizontal single and multiple slot waveguides and ring
resonators consisting of deposited amorphous silicon and silicon
dioxide are demonstrated. Their waveguide propagation loss,
optical confinement, and thermo optic effects are studied.

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